Karl Gustav Carus



Doctor, philosopher, scientist, painter, writer

Born: 03.01.1789 in Leipzig

Died: 28.07.1869 in Dresden


Doctorate: 1811 in Leipzig (medicine)

University lecturer: 1814 - 1827 Dresden


After some years of medical practice in Leipzig, Karl Gustav Carus – whose father owned a dyeing works – was called to Dresden in 1814 to become professor of gynaecology at the Surgical-Medical Academy as well as director of the maternity hospital.

Carus was the first at a German university to teach "comparative anatomy" as a subject in its own right.

After being appointed royal physician, privy councillor and public health officer in 1827, Carus was able to develop the full extent of his many talents. He was active not only as a doctor, natural scientist and natural philosopher, but also as an author (travel writing and works on landscape painting) and as an artist (painting).

Carus accompanied the King to Italy and Switzerland in 1827. Later, he travelled in France (1835) and England and Scotland (1844).

His activities were recognised with many awards. From 1862 onwards, he was president of the Leopoldinisch-Carolinischen Akademie der Naturforscher (Leopoldian-Carolingian college of natural scientists).

Carus was acquainted with many of the leading intellectuals of his time, especially with A. von Humboldt, C. D. Friedrich, Tieck and Goethe (with whom he corresponded from 1818 onwards and whom he visited in 1821 in Weimar).

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This page was designed by Uli Wunderlich, and translated by Adam Lawrence. Update: Manfred Engel. Please contact Prof. Dr. Manfred Engel if you have any questions.

FR 4.1 - Germanistik / Universität des Saarlandes
Last update:  2003-07-25 (me)