Band 1 (2001), Heft 2

Karina Kellermann (TU Berlin):
Die körperliche Inszenierung des Königs. Ein mittelalterliches Kulturmuster

Medieval representations of the king in history, literature, and art show the two natures of the king both in their difference and in their ideal unity ("una persona, duae naturae"). With reference to Kantorowicz's famous study it will be shown that this idea of 'the king's two bodies' was highly influential in the Middle Ages. The concept of a mortal natural body combined with an immortal political-symbolical one was so significant for politics and theology and moulded the imaginations of artists, poets and chroniclers so deeply that we can call it a medieval cultural pattern. Having established this common ground between different disciplines and arts the essay finally stresses the special aesthetic position of literary texts.

Ricarda Schmidt (Manchester):
Narration – Malerei – Musik. Mediale Interferenz am Beispiel E.T.A. Hoffmanns

This essay argues for the benefits of a concrete and narrow approach to cultural studies, which aims to overcome the sidelining of literature by many cultural studies practitioners. It examines references in two literary texts by E.T.A. Hoffmann to other high cultural media (painting and music). Intermediality is shown to be of central importance in constituting meaning and thus in identifying the stories' place in literary history. This interest in a historical understanding is further pursued through an examination of how Hoffmann's recourse to art and music was embedded in cultural discourses of his time. The triangulation of the relationship between the work of art/music and Hoffmann's text by the cultural context allows an understanding of the way in which the literary text is not simply reacting to influences, but is itself contributing to the shaping of a particular cultural constellation. In drawing attention to the complexities and contradictions of the literary text, the essay argues against a retrospective homogenisation and universalisation of cultural anthropology and the literary tradition.

Uwe Spörl (Hagen):
Mystisches Erleben, Leben und Schreiben um 1900. Überlegungen zu den Grenzen der Literaturwissenschaft

In order to trace the margins of literary history, this paper analyses a subject that traverses those margins: the modern and 'godless' mysticism in German and Austrian turn-of-the-century culture. It is a typical and important subject of cultural history, both because it concerns quite different disciplines and their histories, and because it is a significant context for the literature of its age. It raises the question of text-context-relationship: How to deal with the context? Within the specific context of 'neo-mysticism', the paper argues for a combined inter- and transdisciplinary approach of all the relevant disciplines and for the central role of literary history within this approach.

Frédéric Régard (Lyon):
Moral Pornography? Injurious Speech vs. Ethical Rhetorics

Der Beitrag legt nahe, dass die hochkontroverse Auffassung von Pornographie als verletzender Rede ('injurious speech') über die neuen pragmatischen Modelle einer Gegen-Anrede ('counter-interpellation') reformuliert werden kann. Weniger gut erörtern diese Modelle allerdings, wie rhetorische Strategien zu einer solchen Reformulierung beitragen können. Der Aufsatz betont die Wichtigkeit von Metaphern, durch deren fluide Beschaffenheit Redepositionen und Raum-Zuschreibungen neu bestimmt werden können. Dafür ist es zunächst notwendig, Roland Barthes' Theorie der 'Pornogramme' zu erörtern, um dann Angela Carters Vorwort zu The Sadeian Woman im Licht neuer feministischer Theorien (Judith Butler) zu lesen. Im Zentrum steht die These, dass rhetorische Figuren als Redeakte fungieren, die die Herstellung 'moralischer Pornographie' ermöglichen könnten.

Franz Hintereder-Emde (Yamaguchi, Japan):
'German Studies' vs. 'Germanistik als Kulturwissenschaft'.
Literaturwissenschaft und Kulturvermittlung am Beispiel der japanischen Germanistik

The roots of German studies in Japan reach back to the Meiji era (1867-1912), when German became the second obligatory foreign language in higher education. From the end of World War II to the present day, the number of students learning German has declined considerably. One of the problems German studies in Japan is facing today is the gap between teachers' research interests in literature and linguistics, and the need for effectively structured language training. The essay claims that this problem has its origin in the German academic tradition which ignores the educational needs of foreign cultures and tends to devalue language training as a substantial part of German studies. Efforts to combine the teaching of German as a foreign language with the fields of literature, linguistics and cultural studies would revive interest in German studies in the international academic community.

Lutz Musner (IFK Wien):
Kulturwissenschaften und Cultural Studies: Zwei ungleiche Geschwister?

The essay attempts a comparative analysis of culture studies in the Anglo-American world and in Germany. It tries to sketch out the different origins and methodological approaches used in Anglo-American cultural studies and in German "Kulturwissenschaften" (culture studies) and asks why both styles of thought, although for different reasons, have lost touch with the realm of political economy.

Manfred Engel / Uwe Spörl:
Auswahlbibliographie zur kulturgeschichtlichen Literaturwissenschaft.

Teil 2: Beispiele für angewandte Kulturwissenschaft:
A. Kulturthemen und -praktiken

Alchemie; Androiden; Anthropologie; Apokalypse; Bild; Bildung; Chaos; Dandy; Denkmal; Einsamkeit; Essen/Trinken; Ethnologie; Evolution in Natur und Kultur; Exotismus; Fama; Familie; Farbe; Fremdes; Geburt; Gedächtnis; Gefühl(e); Geld; Gender/Geschlecht; Geographie, kulturell und symbolisch; Gentechnik; Geschichte; Gewalt; Gleichmut; Globalisierung/Multikulturalität; Grenze/Grenzsituation; Heimat; Katastrophe; Körper; Krieg; Labyrinth; Lebensalter; Liebe; Magie; Medien/Mediengeschichte/Mediologie; Medizin; Melancholie; Mode; Moral; Nation; Natur; Okkultismus; Orientalismus; Parfüm; Pop; Psyche/Psychoanalyse/Psychologie; Raum/Zeit; Rausch; Recht; Reisen; Religion; Schenken/Geschenk; Schmerz; Sexualität; Sinne/Sinnliche Wahrnehmung; Sport; Stadt; Tabu; Tanz; Technik; Tod; Trauer; Traum; Trauma; Virtualität; Wissenschaft.