Publications Prof. Dr. Tanja Michael



  • Friesen, E., Sopp, M. R., & Michael, T. (2022). Effects of Sleep-Directed Hypnosis on Fear Extinction Retention in the Context of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. 2nd International Conference on Trauma and Mental Health, Jerusalem, Israel [Poster]


  • Hauck, A., Michael, T., Issler, T. C., Klein, S., Lass-Hennemann, J., & Ferreira de Sá, D. S. (2024). Can glucose facilitate fear exposure? Randomized, placebo-controlled trials on the effects of glucose administration on fear extinction processes. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 178,
  • Müller-Klein*, A., Braun*, M. N., Ferreira de Sá, D. S., Michael, T., Link-Dorner, U., & Lass-Hennemann, J. (2024). A relaxed horse—A relaxed client? An experimental investigation of the effects of therapy horses’ stress on clients’ stress, mood, and anxiety. Animals, 14(4), Article 604. (*These authors are shared first authors.)
  • Braun, M. N., Müller-Klein, A., Sopp, M. R., Michael, T., Link-Dorner, U., & Lass-Hennemann, J. (2024). The human ability to interpret affective states in horses’ body language: The role of emotion recognition ability and previous experience with horses. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 271, Article 106171.


  • Friesen, E., Sopp, M.R., Cordi, M.J., Rasch, B., & Michael, T. (2023). Sleep-Directed Hypnosis Improves Subjective Sleep Quality but not Extinction Memory After Exposure to Analog Trauma. Cognitive Therapy and Research.

  • Issler, T. C., Ferreira de Sá, D., Michael, T., & Schäfer, S. K. (2023). The relationship between childhood gender nonconformity, aversive childhood experiences, and mental health in heterosexual and non‐ heterosexual cisgender men: The buffering effect of sense of coherence. Stress and Health, 1–16. smi.3227
  • Lüder, C.C., Michael, T., Lass-Hennemann, J., Schanz, C.G., Venhorst, A., Meyer, T. & Equit, M. (2023). Moderate-intensity Aerobic Exercise Training as an Adjunct to Trauma-focused Psychotherapy in Traumatized Refugees and Asylum Seekers: Study Protocol of a Randomized Controlled Trial.


  • Equit, M, Schanz CG, Kotzur, MK, & Michael, T. (2022). Einsatz adjuvanter Therapie zur Behandlung der Posttraumatischen Belastungsstörung. Persönlichkeitsstörungen, 26, 42-54.
  • Friesen, E., Sopp, M. R., Brueckner, A. H., Ferreira de Sá, D., & Michael, T. (2022). Investigation of early night sleep effects on subsequent fear extinction learning and recall. Journal of Experimental Psychopathology.
  • Hauck, A., Michael, T., & Ferreira de Sá, D. S. (2022). Fear learning and generalization during pandemic fear: How COVID-19-related anxiety affects classical fear conditioning with traumatic film clips. Journal of psychiatric research155, 90-99
  • Pfaltz, M, Halligan, S, Haim-Nachum, S, Sopp, MR, Åhs, F, Bachem, R, Bartoli, E, Belete, H, Belete, T, Berzengi, A, Dukes, D, Essadek, A, Iqbal, N, Jobson, L, Langevin, R, Levy-Gigi, E, Lüönd, AM, Martin-Soelch, C, Michael, T, Oe, M, Olff, M, Ceylan, D, Raghavan, V, Ramakrishnan, M, Sar, V, Spies, G, Wadji, DL, Wamser-Nanney, R, Fares-Otero, NE, Schnyder, U, Seedat, S (2022, in press).Social Functioning in Individuals Affected by Childhood Maltreatment: Establishing a Research Agenda to Inform Interventions. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics.
  • Schanz, CG, Equit, M, Schäfer, SK, & Michael, T. (2022). Self-Directed Passive-Aggressive Behaviour as an Essential Component of Depression: Findings from Two Cross-Sectional Observational Studies. BMC Psychiatry, 22, 200.
  • Schäfer, S.K., Lüder, C., Porcheret, K., Hu, X., Margraf, J., Michael, T., Holmes, E.A., Werner, G.G., Wilhelm, I., Woud, M.L., Zeng, S., Friesen, E., Haim-Nachum, S., Lass-Hennemann, J., Lieb, K., Kunzler, A.M., Wirth, B.E., & Sopp, M.R. (2022). To Sleep or Not to Sleep, That Is the Question: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis on the Effect of Post-Trauma Sleep on Intrusive Memories of Analog Trauma. PREPRINT available at OSF []


  • Haim-Nachum, S*, Sopp, MR*, Michael, T, Shamay-Tsoory, S, Levy-Gigi, E (2021). No distance is too far between friends: associations of comfortable interpersonal distance with PTSD and anxiety symptoms in Israeli firefighters. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 12, 1899480 (*shared first authorship)
  • Michael, T (2021). Wo beginnt ein Trauma? Gehirn und Geist, 78-79.
  • Schanz, CG, Equit, M, Schäfer, SK & Michael, T (2021). Convergent and Discriminant Validity of the Test of Passive Aggression in a Psychotherapy Outpatient Sample. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 723413.
  • Schanz, CG, Equit, M, Schäfer, SK, Käfer, M, Mattheus, H, & Michael, T (2021). Development and psychometric properties of the test of passive aggression. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 579183.
  • Sopp, MR, Friesen, E, Schäfer, SK, Brueckner, AH, Wirth, BE, Weber, Lass-Hennemann, J., & Michael, T. (2021). Wakefulness impairs selective consolidation of relevant trauma-associated memories resulting in more frequent intrusions. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 136, 103776
  • Sopp, MR*, Michael, T*, Lass-Hennemann, J, Haim-Nachum, S, Lommen, MJJ (2021). Longitudinal associations between hair cortisol, PTSD symptoms and sleep disturbances in a sample of firefighters with duty-related trauma exposure, Psychoneuroendocrinology, 134, 105449 (*shared first authorship)
  • Sopp, M.R., Streb, M., Brueckner, A.H., Schäfer, S.K., Lass-Hennemann, J., Mecklinger, A., & Michael, T. (2021). Prospective associations between intelligence, working memory capacity, and intrusive memories of a traumatic film: Potential mediating effects of rumination and memory disorganization. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 70, 101611
  • Zimmer, A. Wang, N., Ibach, M.K, Fehlmann, B., Schicktanz, N.S, Bentz, D., Michael, T., Papassotiropoulos, A., de Quervain, D.J.F (2021). Effectiveness of a smartphone-based, augmented reality exposure app to reduce fear of spiders in real-life: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 82,102442



  • Ferreira de Sá, D.S., Römer, S., Brückner, A.H., Issler, T., Hauck, A., & Michael, T. (2020). Neuropsychopharmacology, 1-9,
  • Friesen, E., Sopp, M.R, Brueckner, AH, & Michael, T. (2020). Slow wave sleep has no homeostatic effect on fear extinction learning. Journal of Sleep Research, 29, 145-145

  • Ihmig, F., Gogeascoechea, A. H., Neurohr-Parakenings, F., Schäfer, S.K., Lass-Hennemann, J., & Michael, T. (2020). On-line anxiety level detection from biosignals: machine learning based on a randomized controlled trial with spider-fearful individuals. PLOS ONE, 15, e0231517.
  • Kappelmann, N. Suesse, M., Schmiedgen, S., Kaldewaij, R., Browning, M., Michael, T., Rinck, M., & Reinecke, A., (2020). . Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 68, 101546.
  • Lass-Henneman J., Schäfer, S.K., Sopp, M.R., & Michael, T. (2020). The relationship between pet ownership, psychopathological symptoms and health-benefitting factors in occupations at risk for traumatization. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17, 2562.
  • Michael, T., Schanz, C. G., Mattheus, H.K., Issler, T., Frommberger, U., Köllner, V. & Equit, M. (2020). Adjuvante Verfahren zur Unterstützung von traumafokussierter Psychotherapie bei Erwachsenen mit Posttraumatischer Belastungsstörung. Welche Evidenz gibt es? Trauma & Gewalt, 14, 112-121. DOI 10.21706/tg-14-2-00000
  • Schäfer, S.K., Schanz, C.G., Bergemann, N., & Michael, T. (2020). Psychische Gesundheit von Einsatzkräften: Schutz- & Risikofaktoren. NeuroTransmitter, 31.
  • Schäfer, S.K., Sopp, M.R., & Michael, T. (2020). Frühhinterventionen nach Traumatisierung. Psychotherapie im Dialog, 21, 1-5.
  • Schäfer, S.K., Sopp, M.R., Staginnus, M., Lass-Hennemann, J., & Michael, T. (2020). Pre-Rehabilitation Sense of Coherence as a Predictor of Symptom Change During Rehabilitation. Stress & Health,
  • Schäfer, S.K., Sopp, M.R., Staginnus, M., Lass-Hennemann, J., & Michael, T. (2020). Correlates of mental health in occupations at risk for traumatization: A cross-sectional study. BMC Psychiatry, 20, 335.
  • Schäfer, S.K, Sopp, M.R., Schanz, C.G., Staginnus, M., Göritz, A.S., & Michael, T. (2020, accepted for publication). Impact of COVID-19 on public mental health and the buffering effect of sense of coherence. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics.
  • Schäfer, S.K., Sopp, M.R., Staginnus, M., Göritz, A.S., & Michael, T. (2020). Impact of Covid-19 on public mental health and the buffering effect of sense of coherence. OSF Preprint.
  • Schäfer, S. K., Wirth, B. E., Staginnus, M., Becker, N., Michael, T., & Sopp, M.R. (2020). Sleep's impact on emotional recognition memory: A meta-analysis of whole-night, nap, and REM Sleep effects. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 101280.


  • Augsburger, M., Bering, R.., Böttche, M., Ehring, T., Frommberger, U., Gast, U., Hecker, T., Hoffmann, A., Kleim, B., Knaevelsrud, C., Köllner, V., Kruse, K., Lampe, A., Liebermann, P., Lotzin, A., Maercker, A., Mattheß, H., Michael, T., Neuner, F., Rau, H., Reddemann, O., Sachsse, U., Schäfer, I., Schellong, J., & Wöller, W. (2019). Behandlung der PTBS bei Erwachsenen. S3-Leitlinie Posttraumatische Belastungsstörung. In Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg
  • Brueckner, A.H., Lass-Hennemann, J., Wilhelm, F.H., Ferreira de Sá, D., & Michael, T. (2019). Cortisol Administration after Extinction in a Fear Conditioning Paradigm with Traumatic Film Clips Prevents Return of Fear. Translational Psychiatry, 9.
  • Ferreira de Sá, D.S., Michael, T., Wilhelm, FH, & Peyk, P. (2019). Learning to See the Threat: Temporal Dynamics of ERPs of Motivated Attention in Fear Conditioning. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 14, 189-203
  • Haag, K., Hiller, R, & Peyk, P. Michael, T., Meiser-Stedman, R., Fearon, P., Ehlers, A., & Halligan, S.L. (2019). A Longitudinal Examination of Heart-Rate and Heart Rate Variability as Risk Markers for Child Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms in an Acute Injury Sample. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 47, 1811-1820
  • Michael, T., Schanz, C.G., Mattheus, H.K., Issler, T., Frommberger, U., Köllner, V., & Equit, M. (2019). Do Adjuvant Interventions Improve Treatment Outcome in Adult Patients with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Receiving Trauma-focused Psychotherapy? A Systematic Review. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 10, 1634938
  • Schäfer, S.K, Becker, N., King, L., Horsch, A. & Michael, T. (2019). The relationship between sense of coherence and post-traumatic stress: a meta-analysis. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 10, 1562839
  • Schanz, C., Equit, M., Michael, T. (2019). Adjuvante Therapie bei Posttraumatischer Belastungsstörung. Psychotherapie im Dialog, 20, 74-77.
  • Sopp, M.R, Brueckner, A.H, Schäfer, S.K, Lass-Hennemann, J., & Michael, T. (2019). Differential effects of sleep on explicit and implicit memory for potential trauma reminders: findings from an analogue study European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 10, DOI: 10.1080/20008198.2019.1644128
  • Sopp, M.R, Brueckner, A.H, Schäfer, S.K, Lass-Hennemann, J., & Michael, T. (2019). REM Theta Activity Predicts Re-Experiencing Symptoms after Exposure to a Traumatic Film. Sleep Medicine, 54, 142-152
  • Sopp, M.R, Brueckner, A.H & Michael, T. (2019). The Prospective Influence of Trait Alexithymia on Intrusive Memories: What Is the Role of Emotional Recognition Memory? Frontiers in Psychology, 9,
  • Sopp, M.R., Schäfer, S.K., & Michael, T. (2019). Trauma in der Erinnerung heilen. Psychotherapie im Dialog, 20, 14-19.
  • Sopp, M.R., Kirsch, A., & Michael, T. (2019). Trauma und Gedächtnis. In Seidler, Freyberger, & Maercker. Handbuch Psychotraumatologie. Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta.


  • Equit, M., Maurer, S., Michael, T., & Köllner, V. (2018). Konfrontation oder Stabilisierung – Wie planen Verhaltenstherapeuten die Behandlung bei PTBS? Verhaltenstherapie, 8, 7-14.
  • Kirsch, A., Equit, M., & Michael, T. (2018). Adjuvante Verfahren. In Schellong, Epple & Weidner (Eds.). Praxisbuch Psychotraumatologie (S. 140-143). Stuttgart: Georg Thieme Verlag.
  • Kirsch, A., Spang, J., Schäfer, S., Pfaltz, M., Krause, R., Sachsse, U., & Michael, T. (2018). Mimik-Veränderungen während einer Traumatherapie: Eine explorative Studie zum Zusammenhang mimisch-affektiver Veränderungen mit therapeutischen Outcomes während einer Traumatherapie. Psychotherapeut, 63, 49-54.
  • Lass-Hennemann,J., Brückner, A., Michael, T., & Equit, M. (2018). Sieht aus wie Burnout, ist aber PTBS – Traumatisierungen im Beruf und deren Auswirkungen. Psychotherapie im Dialog, 19, 60-64.
  • Lass-Hennemann, J., Schäfer, SK., Römer, S., Holz, E., Streb, M., & Michael, T. (2018) Therapy Dogs as a Crisis Intervention After Traumatic Events? – An Experimental Study. Frontiers in Psychology, 9,1627
  • Lass-Hennemann,J., Tuschen-Caffier, B., & Michael, T. (2018). Exposition und Konfrontation. In: Margraf J., Schneider S. (eds.) Lehrbuch der Verhaltenstherapie, Band 1. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • Michael T., Lass-Hennemann J., Ehlers A. (2018). Lernpsychologische Grundlagen der kognitiven Verhaltenstherapie. In: Margraf J., Schneider S. (eds), Lehrbuch der Verhaltenstherapie,Band 1. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • Michael, T., Sopp, R., Maercker, A. (2018). Posttraumatische Belastungsstörungen. In Margraf J. & Schneider S. (eds.) Lehrbuch der Verhaltenstherapie, Band 2. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • Schäfer, S.K., Ihmig, F.R., Lara H., K.A., Neurohr, F., Kiefer, S., Staginnus, M., Lass-Hennemann, J., & Michael, T. (2018). Effects of Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback during Exposure to Fear-Provoking Stimuli within Spider Fearful Individuals: Study Protocol for a Randomized-Controlled Trial. Trials, 19, 184.
  • Schäfer SK., Lass-Hennemann J., Groesdonk H., Volk, T., Bomberg, H.,Staginnus, M., Brückner, AH., Holz, E., & Michael, T. (2018) Mental Health in Anesthesiology and ICU Staff: Sense of Coherence Matters. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 9, 440,
  • Sopp, M.R., Michael, T., & Mecklinger, A. (2018). Effects of early morning nap sleep on associative memory for neutral and emotional stimuli. Brain Research, 1698, 29-42.


  • Graebener, A. H., Michael, T., Holz, E., & Lass-Hennemann, J. (2017). Repeated cortisol administration does not reduce intrusive memories – a double blind placebo controlled experimental study. European Neuropsychopharmacology, 27, 1132-1143.
  • Holz, E., Lass-Hennemann, J., & Michael, T. (2017). Analogue PTSD Symptoms are Best Predicted by State Rumination. Journal of Experimental Psychopathology, 8, 192-213.
  • Michael, T. (2017). Classical Conditioning. In Wenzel; A.E., (Ed.). The SAGE Encyclopedia of Abnormal and Clinical Psychology (pp. 660-663), doi: 10.4135/9781483365817.n256
  • Sopp, R., Michael, T., Weeß, H.-G., & Mecklinger, A. (2017). Remembering specific features of emotional events across time: The role of REM sleep and prefrontal theta oscillations. Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience, 17, 1186-1209
  • Streb, M., Conway, M.A., & Michael, T. (2017). Conditioned responses to trauma reminders: How durable are they over time and does memory integration reduce them? Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 57, 88-95.


  • Michael, T., Streb, M., & Häller P. (2016). PTSD in paramedics: Direct versus Indirect Threats, Posttraumatic Cognitions, and Dealing with Intrusions. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy, 9, 57 – 71.
  • Streb, M., Mecklinger, A., Anderson, M.C., Lass-Hennemann, J. & Michael, T. (2016). Memory Control Ability Modulates Intrusive Memories after Trauma. Journal of Affective Disorders, 192, 134-142.
  • Wurtz, H., El-Khoury-Malhame, M., Wilhelm, F.H., Michael.,T., Beetz, E.M., Roques, J., Reynaud, E., Courtin, J., Khalfa, S., Herry, C. (2016). Preventing long-lasting fear recovery using bilateral alternating sensory stimulation: a translational study. Neuroscience, 321, 222-235.


  • Heuberger, E., Bonarius, A., & Michael, T. (2015). Der Geruchssinn bei Patienten mit Angststörungen. Von der Neurobiologie zu neuen therapeutischen Ansätzen. Psychotherapie im Dialog, 16, 83-85.
  • Jacobs, J., Michael, T., Brandsch, S., Schäfers, H.J., Wilkens, H., & Köllner, V. (2015). Prävalenz der posttraumatischen Belastungsstörung bei Patienten auf der Warteliste und nach einer Lungentransplantation / The Prevalence of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Lung Transplant Candidates and Recipients. Psychotherapie - Psychosomatik - Medizinische Psychologie, 65, 255-260.
  • Kirsch, A., Michael, T., & Lass-Hennemann, J. (2015). Trauma und Gedächtnis. In Seidler, Freyberger, & Maercker. Handbuch Psychotraumatologie (S. 15-21). Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta.
  • Lass-Hennemann, J., Holz, E. & Michael, T. (2015). Tiergestützte Therapie in der Behandlung von Angststörungen –Spielerei oder wirksame Unterstützung? Psychotherapie im Dialog, 16, 40-43.
  • Pfaltz, M.C., Moerstedt, B., Wilhelm, F.H., Meyer, A.H., Kossowsky, J., & Michael, T. (2015). Why can’t I stop thinking about it? - A study on mediators of the relationship between neuroticism and obsessive thoughts. Swiss Journal of Psychology, 74, 75-82.
  • Schinköthe, D., Müller, B.H., Kull, S., Michael, T., Gross, J.J., & Wilhelm, F.H. (2015). Effects of anxiety and vagal control on regulation of facial expressive behavior during instructed smiling. In A. Freitas-Magalhaes (Ed.), Emotional Expression: The Brain and the Face – Vol. 7: Studies in Brain, Face and Emotion (pp. 226-244). Porto: FEELab Science Books.
  • Streb, M. & Michael, T. (2015). Posttraumatische Belastungsstörung bei medizinischen Rettungskräften. Psychotherapie im Dialog, 16, 63-65.



  • Holz, E*., Lass-Hennemann J*., Streb, M., Pfaltz. M.,& Michael, T. (2014). Effects of Acute Cortisol Administration on Perceptual Priming of Trauma-Related Material. PLoS ONE, 9, e104864 (*shared first authorship).
  • Lass-Hennemann, J. & Michael, T. (2014). Endogenous cortisol levels influence exposure therapy in spider phobia. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 60, 39-45.
  • Lass-Hennemann,J., Peyk, P., Streb, M., Holz, E., Michael, T. (2014). Presence of a dog reduces subjective but not physiological stress responses to an analogue trauma. Frontiers in Psychology, section for Clinical Settings, 5.doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01010
  • Michael. T. (2014). Buchbesprechung: Flatten, G. et al. (2013). Posttraumatische Belastungsstörung: S3-Leitlinie und Quellentexte. Zeitschrift für Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie, 3, 216.
  • Streb, M., Häller, P., & Michael, T. (2014). PTSD in paramedics: resilience and sense of coherence. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 42, 452–463.
  • Streb, M. & Michael, T. (2014). Posttraumatische Belastungsstörung bei medizinischen Rettungskräften: Vulnerabilität, Resilienz und Implikationen für Interventions- und Präventionsprogramme. Persönlichkeitsstörungen: Theorie und Therapie, 14, 215-219.


  • Bentz, D., De Quervain, D.J.-F., Bolt, O.C., Wilhelm, F.H., Michael, T., Wiederhold, B.K., & Margraf, J. (2013). Glucocorticoids Enhance Extinctionbased Psychotherapy in Virtual Reality. Cybertherapy& Rehabilitation, 6, 28.
  • Bentz, D., Michael, T., Wilhelm, F.H., Hartmann, F.R., Kunz, S., von Rohr, I.R., & De Quervain, D.J.-F. (2013). Influence of stress on fear memory processes in an aversive differential conditioning paradigm in humans. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 38, 1186-1197.
  • Blechert, J., Michael, T. & Wilhelm, F.H. (2013). Video-based analysis of bodily startle and subsequent emotional facial expression in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Journal of Experimental Psychopathology, 4, 435-447.
  • Holz & Michael, T. (2013). Sport und Bewegung bei Depression. Ein vielversprechender Ansatz mit Forschungsbedarf. Psychotherapie im Dialog, 3, 61-63.
  • Pfaltz, M.C., Michael, T., Meyer, A.H., & Wilhelm, F.H. (2013). Reexperiencing symptoms, dissociation and avoidance behaviors in daily life of patients with posttraumatic stress disorder and patients with panic disorder with agoraphobia. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 26, 443-450.


  • Kull, S., Müller, B., Blechert, J., Wilhelm, F. H., & Michael, T. (2012). Reinstatement of fear: autonomic and experiential responses in a differential conditioning paradigm. Acta Psychologica, 140, 43-49.
  • Michael, T., Römer S., Lass-Hennemann J. (2012). Psychotherapy in PTSD. A gap between treatment recommendations and reality. Public Service Review: European Union, 24, 332-333.
  • Michael, T. (2012). The fear factor. Editorial: Health Anxiety - From Symptom to Treatment. Public Service Review: European Union, 23, 305.
  • Michael, T., Lass-Hennemann, J. & Peyk, P. (2012). Stress hormones and animals. Possible enhancers of psychotherapy. Public Service Review: European Union, 23, 300-301.
  • Michael, T. (2012). Improving therapies for PTSD and depression. Persuasive argument for randomised controlled clinical trials. Public Service Review: European Union, 23, 302-303.
  • Vriends, N., Michael, T., Schindler, B., & Margraf, J. (2012). Associative learning in flying phobia. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 43, 838-846.


  • Birrer, E. & Michael, T. (2011). Rumination in posttraumatic stress disorder and in traumatised and non-traumatised depressed patients: A clinical study. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 39, 381-397.
  • Kirsch, A., Michael, T., & Lass-Hennemann, J. (2011). Trauma und Gedächtnis. In Seidler, Freyberger, & Maercker. Handbuch Psychotraumatologie (S. 15-22). Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta.
  • Michael, T. (2011). Fear, anxiety and beyond: from basic research to therapy. Public Service Review. Science and Technology, 11, 406-407.
  • Wagner, B., Maercker, A. & Michael, T. (2011). Posttraumatische Belastungsstörung. In G. Meinlschmidt, S. Schneider & J. Margraf (Eds.) Lehrbuch der Verhaltenstherapie. Band 4: Materialien für die Psychotherapie (1. Auflage) (S. 289 – 297). Berlin: Springer.
  • De Quervain, D., J.-F., Bentz, D., Michael, T., Bolt, O.C., Wiederhold, B.K., Margraf, J., & Wilhelm, F.H. (2011). Glucocorticoids enhance exposure therapy of specific phobia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108, 6621-6625.
  • Vriends, N., Michael, T., Blechert, J., Meyer, A. H., Margraf, J., & Wilhelm, F. H. (2011). The influence of state anxiety on the acquisition and extinction of fear. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 42, 46-53.


  • Bentz, D., Michael, T., de Quervain, D., & Wilhelm, F. H. (2010). Enhancing exposure therapy with glucocorticoids: a novel treatment approach for anxiety disorders. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 24, 223 – 230.
  • Hartmann, A. S., Michael, T., & Munsch, S. (2010). Der Einfluss des Ernährungswissens auf Nahrungsmittelpräferenzen bei Kindern: Eine experimentelle Untersuchung. Kindheit und Entwicklung, 19, 21-26.
  • Müller, B. H., Kull, S., Wilhelm, F. H., & Michael, T. (2010). One-session computer-based exposure treatment for spider-fearful individuals - Efficacy of a minimal self-help intervention. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 42, 179-184.
  • Pfaltz, M. C., Grossman, P., Michael, T., Margraf, J., & Wilhelm, F. (2010). Physical activity and respiratory behavior in daily life of patients with panic disorder and healthy controls. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 78, 42-49.
  • Pfaltz, M. C., Michael, T., Grossman, P., Margraf, J., & Wilhelm, F. H. (2010). Instability of physical anxiety symptoms in daily life of patients with panic disorder and patients with posttraumatic stress disorder. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 24, 792-798.


  • Bentz, D., Michael, T., & Margraf, J. (2009). Reizkonfrontationsverfahren. Psychiatrie Up to date, 3, 409-428.
  • Häller, P., Michael, T., & Balmer Koechlin, K. (2009). Posttraumatische Belastungsstörung (PTBS) bei Rettungssanitätern: PTBS, komorbide Beschwerden und Inanspruchnahme psychologischer Hilfe von Rettungssanitätern. Verhaltenstherapie und Verhaltensmedizin, 30, 403 - 417
  • Martin-Soelch, C., Kobel, M., Stoecklin, M., Michael, T., Weber, S., Krebs, B., & Opwis, K., (2009). Reduced responses to reward in smokers and cannabis users. Neuropsychobiology, 60, 94-103.
  • Michael, T. (2009). Erstellung der 60 Stichworte zum Bereich Lernen. Pschyrembel Psychiatrie, Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie (1. Auflage). Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
  • Maercker, A. & Michael, T. (2009). Posttraumatische Belastungsstörungen. In J. Margraf & S. Schneider (Eds.) Lehrbuch der Verhaltenstherapie (3. Auflage) (S.105-124). Heidelberg: Springer.
  • Michael, T. & Ehlers, A. (2009). Lernpsychologische Grundlagen der Verhaltenstherapie. In J. Margraf & S. Schneider (Eds.) Lehrbuch der Verhaltenstherapie (3. Auflage) (S.101-113). Heidelberg: Springer.
  • Michael, T., Munsch, S., & Margraf, J. (2009). Exposition und Konfrontation. In M. Hautzinger und P. Pauli (Eds.). Enzyklopädie der Psychologie – Psychotherapeutische Methoden (S. 325-386). Göttingen: Hogrefe.
  • Michael, T. & Tuschen-Caffier, B. (2009). Konfrontationsverfahren. In J. Margraf & S. Schneider (Eds.) Lehrbuch der Verhaltenstherapie (3. Auflage) (S.515 - 530). Heidelberg: Springer.
  • Pfaltz, M. C., Michael, T., Grossman, P., & Wilhelm, F. H. (2009). Ambulatory Monitoring of Automatic and Respiratory Regulation in Panic Disorder – No Evidence for Respiratory Trait Instability. Psychosomatic Medicine, 71, 869-876.


  • Michael, T. & Ehlers, A. (2008). Klassische Konditionierung als Erklärungsprinzip für klinisch bedeutsame Ängste – Ein Update eines modernen Klassikers. Zeitschrift für Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie, 37, 221-230.
  • Michael, T. (2008). Überarbeitung bzw. Erstellung der Stichworte: akute Belastungsreaktion, Anpassungsstörung, Behaviorismus, Ceiling-Effekt, Debriefing, Desensibilisierung, EMDR, Extinktion, Exposition, Flooding, Gedankenstopp, Gewöhnung, Habituation, Implosion, Konditionierung, Konfrontation, Konversionsstörung, Konzentrationsstörung, psychosoziale Krise, Modelllernen, Notfallpsychologie, Pawlow-Reflex, Phobie, posttraumatische Belastungsstörung, Reaktionsverhinderung, Reiz, Reizüberflutung, spezifische Phobie, Traumatherapie, Verstärker, Verstärkung. Pschyrembel Klinisches Wörterbuch (261. Auflage). Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
  • Blechert, J., Michael, T., Williams, L. S., Purkis, H. M., & Wilhelm, F. H. (2008). When two paradigms meet: does evaluative learning extinguish in differential fear conditioning? Learning and Motivation, 39, 58-70.
  • Munsch, S., Michael, T., Biedert, E., Meyer, A. H., & Margraf, J. (2008). Negative Mood Induction and Unbalanced Nutrition as Possible Triggers of Binges in Binge Eating Disorder (BED). Eating and Weight Disorders, 13, 22-29.
  • Munsch, S., Roth, B., Michael, T., Meyer, A., Biedert, E., Roth, S. P., Speck, V., Zumsteg, U., & Margraf, J. (2008). Randomized controlled comparison of two Cognitive Behavioral therapies (CBT) for obese children: Mother versus mother-child CBT. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 77, 235-246.


  • Balmer, K., Michael, T., Munsch, S., & Margraf, J. (2007). Evaluation eines schulbasierten Präventionsprogramms gegen Depression und Angst. Zeitschrift für Gesundheitspsychologie, 15, 57-66.
  • Birrer, E., Michael, T., & Munsch, S. (2007). Intrusive images in posttraumatic stress disorder and in traumatised and non-traumatised depressed patients: A clinical study. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 45, 2053-2065.
  • Blechert, J., Michael, T., Vriends, N., Margraf, J., & Wilhelm, F. H. (2007). Fear Conditioning in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Evidence for Delayed Extinction of Autonomic, Experiential, and Behavioural Measures. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 45, 2019 – 2033.
  • Blechert, J., Michael, T., Grossman, P., Lajtman, M., & Wilhelm, F. H. (2007). Autonomic and Respiratory Characteristics of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Panic Disorder. Psychosomatic Medicine, 69, 935-943.
  • Michael, T., Blechert, J., Vriends, N., Margraf, J., & Wilhelm, F. H. (2007). Fear Conditioning in Panic Disorder: Enhanced Resistance to Extinction. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 116, 612-617.
  • Michael, T. & Ehlers, A. (2007). Enhanced priming for trauma-related stimuli and posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms: Two experimental investigations. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 45, 341-358.
  • Michael, T., Halligan, S. L., Clark, D. M., & Ehlers, A. (2007). Rumination in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Depression and Anxiety, 24, 307 – 317.
  • Michael, T., Zetsche, U., & Margraf, J. (2007). Epidemiology of Anxiety Disorders. Psychiatry,6:4, 136-142.
  • Munsch, S., Biedert, E., Meyer A., Michael, T., Schlup, B., Tuch, A., & Margraf, J. (2007). A randomized comparison of cognitive behavioral therapy and behavioral weight loss treatment for overweight individuals with binge eating disorder. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 40, 102-113.
  • Munsch, S., Hasenböhler, K., Michael, T., Meyer, A., Roth, B., Margraf, J., & Biedert, E. (2007). Restrained Eating in Obese Children. Does Eating Style Run in Families? International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, 2, 97-103.
  • Vriends, N., Becker, E. S., Meyer, A., Michael, T., & Margraf, J. (2007). Subtypes of social phobia: are they of any use? Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 21, 59-75.


  • Blechert, J., Lajtman, M., Michael, T., Margraf, J., & Wilhelm, F. H. (2006). Identifying anxiety states using broad sampling and advanced processing of peripheral physiological information. Biomedical Sciences Instrumentation, 42, 136-141.
  • Ehlers, A., Michael, T., Chen, Y. P., Payne, E., & Shan, S. (2006). Enhanced perceptual priming for neutral stimuli in a traumatic context: a pathway to intrusive memories? Memory, 14, 316-328.
  • Halligan, S. L., Michael, T., Wilhelm, F. H., Clark, D. M., & Ehlers, A. (2006). Reduced heart rate responding to trauma reliving in trauma survivors with posttraumatic stress disorder: correlates and consequences. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 19, 721-734.
  • Michael, T., Munsch, S., & Lajtman, M. (2006). Kognitiv-verhaltenstherapeutische Frühinterventionsverfahren nach Traumatisierung: Übersicht und Evaluation. Verhaltenstherapie, 16, 283 - 292.


  • Michael, T., Lajtman, M., & Margraf, J. (2005). Frühzeitige psychologische Interventionen nach Traumatisierung. Deutsches Ärzteblatt, 33, 2240-2243.
  • Michael, T., Ehlers, A., Halligan, S. L., & Clark, D. M. (2005). Unwanted memories of assault: What intrusion characteristics are associated with posttraumatic stress disorder? Behaviour Research and Therapy, 43, 613-628.
  • Michael, T., Ehlers, A., & Halligan, S. L. (2005). Enhanced priming for trauma-related material in posttraumatic stress disorder. Emotion, 5, 103-112.
  • Vriends N., Michael T., & Margraf, J. (2005). Klinische Implikationen moderner Lerntheorien. In J. Kosfelder, J. Michalak, S. Vocks & U. Willutzki (Eds.). Fortschritte der Psychotherapieforschung (S.174-196). Göttingen: Hogrefe.


  • Ehlers, A., Hackmann, A., & Michael, T. (2004). Intrusive reexperiencing in posttraumatic stress disorder: Phenomenology, theory, and therapy. Memory, 4, 403-415.
  • Maercker, A., Michael, T., Fehm, L., Becker, E., & Margraf, J. (2004). Age of traumatization predicts posttraumatic stress disorder or major depression in young women. British Journal of Psychiatry, 184, 482-487.
  • Michael, T. & Blechert, J. (2004). Panikstörung und Posttraumatische Belastungsstörung. Therapiewoche, 20, 307-311.
  • Michael, T. & Margraf, J. (2004). Epidemiology of Anxiety Disorders. Psychiatry, 3:4, 2-6.


  • Halligan, S., Michael, T., Clark, D. M., & Ehlers, A. (2003). Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Following Assault: The Role of Cognitive Processing, Trauma Memory, and Appraisals. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 3, 419-431.
  • Michael, T., Ehlers, A., & Margraf, J. (2003). Agoraphobie und Panikanfälle. In H. Reinecker (Eds.). Lehrbuch der Klinischen Psychologie und Psychotherapie (S. 75-108). Göttingen: Hogrefe.
  • Michael, T. & Margraf, J. (2003). Klassifikationssysteme. In K. D. Kubinger & R. S. Jäger (Eds.). Stichwörter der Psychologischen Diagnostik (S. 238-241). Weinheim: Beltz.


  • Michael, T. (2000). The Nature of the Trauma Memory and Intrusive Cognitions in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Unpublished DPhil thesis, Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford.
  • Michael, T. (2007). Cognitive Behavioural Processes in Anxiety Disorders. Unpublished Habilitation Thesis, Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, University of Basel.