Elemental analysis and speciation


In the group of Inorganic Solid State Chemistry a variety of elemental analysis methods exist that are applied in numerous projects and for materials characterisation. In addition, the analytical methods are employed for intramural and non-university questions.


see also: research group WASTe (Chemical Speciation and Elemental Analysis)


Variety of methods in the group of Inorganic Solid State Chemistry utilised for elemental analysis

  • CHN analysis
  • Flame AAS (Flame atomic absorption spectroscopy)
  • ICP-OES (Inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry)
  • ICP-MS (Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry)
  • CE-LIF (capillary electrophoresis with laser induced fluorescence detection)
  • Hyphenated techniques (CE-ICP-MS, HPLC-ICP-MS, MCCE-ICP-MS)



Hyphenation of HPLC (Agilent 1100/1200) and ICP-MS (Agilent 7500cx)

► Reviews

1Kautenburger, R. (2014): Hochradioaktive Abfälle. Analytische Tools zur Suche nach einem geeigneten Endlager. GIT Labor-Fachzeitschrift, 58(9), 38-41.
2Kautenburger, R. (2012): Geochemische Analytik: Endlager für radioaktiven Müll gesucht. Analytica PRO 2012, 59-60.
3Kautenburger R., Möser, C., & H.P. Beck (2012): Migration of Lanthanides and Uranium in Natural Clay Formations – From Mineral Suspensions to Compact Clays. In: Interaction and Transport of Actinides in Natural Clay rock with Consideration of Humic Substances and Clay Organic Compounds. (C.M. Marquardt, Ed.), KIT-SR 7633, Karlsruhe.
4Beck H.P. & R. Kautenburger (2011): Aktuelle Endlagerforschung in Deutschland. Magazin Forschung, Universität des Saarlandes, 1/2010, 34-37.
5Kautenburger, R. (2010): Endstation Tonstein? Nachrichten aus der Chemie 58 (Vol. 7/8), 751-756.

► Selected papers

1HEIN, C., SANDER, J.M., KAUTENBURGER, R. (2017) New Approach of a transient ICP-MS measurement method for samples with high salinity. Talanta, 164, 477-482.
2OMLOR A. J., LE D.D., SCHLICKER J., HANNIG M., EWEN R., HECK S., HERR C., KRAEGELOH A., HEIN C., KAUTENBURGER R., KICKELBICK G., BALS R., NGUYEN J., DINH Q.T. (2016) Local Effects on Airway Inflammation and Systemic Uptake of 5 nm PEGylated and Citrated Gold Nanoparticles in Asthmatic Mice. Small, 1603070.
3Hahn, R., Kunkel, N., Hein, C., Kautenburger, R., Kohlmann H. (2015): Recovery rate and homogeneity of doping europium into luminescent metal hydrides by chemical analysis, RSC Advances 5, 9722-9726.
4Hans, M., Támara, J.C., Mathews, S., Bax, B., Hegetschweiler, A., Kautenburger, R., Solioz, M., Mücklich, F. (2014): Laser cladding of stainless steel with a copper–silver alloy to generate surfaces of high antimicrobial activity, Applied Surface Science 320,  195-199.
5Kautenburger, R., Hein, C., Sander, J.M. & H.P. Beck (2014): Influence of metal loading and humic acid functional groups on the complexation behavior of trivalent lanthanides analyzed by CE ICP-MS, Analytica Chimica Acta 816, 50-59.
6Möser, C., Kautenburger R. & H.P. Beck (2012): Complexation of Europium and Uranium by Humic Acids Analysed by Capillary Electrophoresis - Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry. Electrophoresis 33, 1482-1487.
7Kautenburger, R. (2011): Batch is bad? Leaching of Opalinus clay samples and ICP-MS determination of extracted elements. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry 26, 2089-2092.
8Kautenburger, R. & H.P. Beck (2010): Influence of geochemical parameters on the sorption and desorption behaviour of europium and gadolinium onto kaolinite. Journal of Environmental Monitoring 12, 1295-1301.
9Kautenburger, R. (2009): Influence of metal concentration and the presence of competing cations on lanthanide speciation with humic acid Analysed By CE-ICP-MS. Journal Of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry 24, 934-938.
10Bittner, A., Seidel, H., Kautenburger, R., Roosen, A., & Schmid U. (2009): Investigation on the Porosification Behaviour of Fired LTCC Substrates. Ceramic Interconnect and Ceramic Microsystems Technology (CICMT) 5, 238-244.
11Chatterjee, I., Schmitt, S., Batzilla, C.F., Engelmann, S., Keller, A., Ring, M.W., Kautenburger, R., Ziebuhr, W., Hecker, M., Preissner, K.T., Bischoff, M., Proctor R.A., Beck, H.P., Lenhof, H-P., Somerville, G.A. & M. Herrmann (2009): Staphylococcus aureus ClpC ATPase is a late growth phase effector of metabolism and persistence. Proteomics 9, 1152-1176.
12Kautenburger, R. & H.P. Beck (2008): Waste disposal in clay formations: Influence of humic acid on the migration of heavy metal pollutants. ChemSusChem 1, 295-297.
13Kazmaier, U., Hähn, S., Weiss, T.D., Kautenburger, R. & W.F. Maier (2007): Palladium-doped Mixed Oxides as “Slow Release” Catalysts for Suzuki Couplings. Synlett 16, 2579-2583.
14Kautenburger, R. & H.P. Beck (2007): Complexation studies with lanthanides and humic acids analysed by ultrafiltration and capillary electrophoresis - inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography A 1159, 75-80.
15Kautenburger, R., Nowotka, K. & H.P. Beck (2006): Online analysis of europium and gadolinium species complexed or uncomplexed with humic acid by capillary electrophoresis–inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 384, 1416-1422.