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Journal Articles

Gieseler, K., Inzlicht, M., & Friese, M. (in press). Do people avoid mental effort after facing a highly demanding task? Journal of Experimental Social Psychology.

Gieseler, K., Loschelder, D. D., Job, V., & Friese, M. (in press). A pre-registered test of competing theories to explain ego depletion effects using psychophysiological indicators of mental effort. Motivation Science.

Lin, H., Saunders, B., Friese, M., Evans, N., & Inzlicht, M. (in press). Strong effort manipulations reduce response caution: A preregistered reinvention of the ego-depletion paradigm. Psychological Science.

Friese, M.,* & Frankenbach, J.†* (in press). P-hacking and publication bias interact to distort meta-analytic effect size estimates. Psychological Methods. pdf

Wennerhold, L., & Friese, M. (2020). Why self-report measures of self-control and inhibition tasks do not substantially correlate. Collabra: Psychology, 6(1):9.

Frech, M.-L.,Loschelder, D. D., & Friese, M. (2020). How attribution-of-competence and scale granularity explain the anchor precision effect in negotiations and estimations. Social Cognition, 38, 40-61. 

Bastian, B.; Vauclair, M.; Loughnan, S.; Bain, P.; Ashokkumar, A.; Becker, M.; Bilewicz, M.; Collier-Baker, E.; Crespo, C.; Eastwick, P.; Fischer, R.; Friese, M.; Gómez, Á.; Guerra, V.; Castellanos Guevara, J. L.; Hanke, K.; Hooper, N.; Huang, L.-L.; Junqi, S.; Karasawa, M.; Kuppens, P.; Leknes, S.; Peker, M.; Pelay, C.; Pina, A.; Sachkova, M.; Saguy, T.; Silfver-Kuhalampi, M.; Sortheix, F.; Tong, J.; Yeung, V. W.; Duffy, J.; & Swann, W. (2019). Explaining illness with evil: Pathogen prevalence fosters moral vitalism. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 286, 20191576.

Inzlicht, M., & Friese, M. (2019). The past, present, and future of ego depletion. Social Psychology, 50, 370-378.

Li, J.-B., Situ, Q.-M., Dou, K., Salcuni, S., Wang, Y.-J., & Friese, M. (2019). Anger rumination partly accounts for the association between trait self-control and aggression. Journal of Research in Personality, 81, 207-233. 

Miketta, S.,† & Friese, M. (2019). Debriefed but still troubled? About the (in)effectiveness of post-experimental debriefings after ego threat. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 117, 202-309.

Frech, M.-L.,† Loschelder, D. D., & Friese, M. (2019). How and why different forms of expertise moderate anchor precision in price decisions: A pre-registered field experiment. Experimental Psychology, 66, 165-175.

Friese, M., Loschelder, D. D., Gieseler, K.,† Frankenbach, J.,† & Inzlicht, M. (2019). Is ego depletion real? An analysis of arguments. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 23, 107-131. pdf

Rees, J. H., Bamberg, S., Jäger, A.,† Victor, L., Bergmeyer, M., & Friese, M. (2018). Breaking the habit: On the highly habitualized nature of meat consumption and implementation intentions as one effective way of reducing it. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 40, 136-147.

Schulte, M., Wiers, R. W., Boendermaker, W. J., Goudriaan, A. E., van den Brink, W., van Deursen, D. S., Friese, M., Brede, E., & Waters, A. J. (2018). The effect of N-acetylcysteine and working memory training on cocaine use cessation, craving and inhibition in regular cocaine users: Correspondence of lab assessments and ecological momentary assessment. Addictive Behaviors, 83, 79-86.

Friese, M.,* Frankenbach, J.,*† Job, V., & Loschelder, D. (2017). Does self-control training improve self-control? A meta-analysis. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 12, 1077-1099. pdf

Richard, A., Meule, A., Friese, M., & Blechert, J. (2017). Effects of chocolate deprivation on implicit and explicit evaluation of chocolate in high and low trait chocolate cravers. Frontiers in Psychology, 8, 1591. pdf

Jäger, A.,† Loschelder, D. D., & Friese, M. (2017). Using self-regulation to overcome the negotiation disadvantage of low power. Frontiers in Psychology, 8, 271. pdf

Loschelder, D. D., Friese, M., Trötschel, R. (2017). How and why precise anchors distinctly affect anchor recipients and senders. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 70, 164-176.

Jäger, A., Loschelder, D. D., & Friese, M. (2017). Using self-regulation to overcome the detrimental effects of anger in negotiations.Journal of Economic Psychology, 58, 31-43.

Denson, T. F., Wilkowski, B. M., DeWall, C. N., Friese, M., Hofmann, W., Ferguson, E. L., Capper, M. M., & Kasumovic, M. M. (2017). “Thou shalt kill”: Practicing self-control supports adherence to personal standards when asked to aggress. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 69, 71-78.

Cheval, B., Sarrazin, P., Pelletier, L., & Friese, M. (2016). Effect of retraining approach-avoidance tendencies on an exercise task: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Physical Ability & Health, 13, 1396-1403.

Loschelder, D. D., Friese, M., Schaerer, M., & Galinsky, A. (2016). The too-much precision effect: When and why precise anchors backfire with experts. Psychological Science, 27, 1573-1587

Luethi, M., Friese, M., Binder, J., Luechinger, R., Boesiger, P., & Rasch, B. (2016). Motivational incentives lead to a strong increase in lateral prefrontal activity after self-control exertion. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 11, 1618-1626.

Friese, M., & Hofmann, W. (2016). State mindfulness, self-regulation, and emotional experience in everyday life. Motivation Science, 2, 1-14.

Friese, M.,* Gianotti, L. R. R.,* & Knoch, D. (2016). The association between implicit alcohol attitudes and drinking behavior is moderated by baseline activation in the lateral prefrontal cortex. Health Psychology, 35, 837-841.

Loschelder, D., Trötschel, R., Swaab, R., Friese, M., & Galinsky, A. (2016). the information-anchoring model of first offers. When and why moving first helps versus hurts negotiators. Journal of Applied Psychology, 101, 995-1012.

Friese, M., Smith, C. T., Koever, M., & Bluemke, M. (2016). Implicit measures of attitudes and political voting behavior. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 10, 188-201.

Cheval, B., Sarrazin, P., Isoard-Gautheur, S., Radel, R., & Friese, M. (2016). How impulsivity shapes the interplay of impulsive and reflective processes involved in objective physical activity. Personality and Individual Differences, 96, 132-137

Job, V., Friese, M., & Bernecker, K. (2015). Effects of practicing self-control on academic performance. Motivation Science, 1, 219-232.

Jäger, A., Loschelder, D. D., & Friese, M. (2015). How self-regulation helps to master negotiation challenges: An overview, integration, and outlook. European Review of Social Psychology, 26, 203-246.

Job, V., Bernecker, K., Miketta, S., & Friese, M. (2015). Implicit theories about willpower predict the activation of a rest goal following self-control exertion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 109, 694-706.

Cheval, B., Sarrazin, P., Isoard-Gautheur, S., Radel, R., & Friese, M. (2015). Reflective and impulsive processes explain (in)effectiveness of messages promoting physical activity: A randomized controlled trial. Health Psychology, 34, 10-19.

Friese, J., Engeler, M., & Florack, A. (2015). Successful weight regulators are less susceptible to self-regulatory depletion. Eating Behaviors, 16, 5-8.

Friese, M., Schweizer, L., Arnoux, A., Sutter, F., & Wänke, M. (2014). Personal prayer counteracts self-control depletion. Consciousness and Cognition, 29, 90-95.

Friese, M., & Wänke, M. (2014). Personal prayer buffers self-control depletion. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 51, 56-59. pdf

Florack, A., Palcu, J., & Friese, M. (2013). The moderating role of regulatory focus on the social modeling of food intake. Appetite, 69, 114-122. pdf

Salemink, E., Friese, M., Drake, E., Mackintosh, B., & Hoppitt, L. (2013). Indicators of implicit and explicit social anxiety influence threat-related interpretive bias as a function of working memory capacity. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7, 220. pdf

Friese, M.,* Binder, J.,* Luechinger, R., Boesiger, P., & Rasch, B. (2013). Suppressing emotions impairs subsequent Stroop performance and reduces prefrontal brain activation. PLoS ONE, e60385. pdf

Bluemke, M., & Friese, M. (2012). On the validity of idiographic and generic self-concept IATs: A core-concept model. European Journal of Personality, 26, 515-528. pdf

Friese, M., Smith, C. T., Plischke, T., Bluemke, M., & Nosek, B. A. (2012). Do implicit attitudes predict actual voting behavior particularly for undecided voters? PLoS ONE, 7, e44130. pdf

Binder, J., de Quervain, D., Friese, M., Luechinger, R., Boesiger, P., & Rasch, B. (2012). Emotion suppression reduces hippocampal activity during successful memory encoding. Neuroimage, 63, 525-532. pdf

Friese, M., & Hofmann, W. (2012). Just a little bit longer: Viewing time of erotic material from a self-control perspective. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 26, 489-496. pdf

Friese, M., Messner, C., & Schaffner, Y. (2012). Mindfulness meditation counteracts self-control depletion. Consciousness and Cognition, 21, 1016-1022. pdf

Galdi, S., Gawronski, B., Arcuri, L., & Friese, M. (2012). Selective exposure in decided and undecided individuals: Differential relations to automatic associations and conscious beliefs. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 38, 559-569. pdf

Hofmann, W., Friese, M., Wiers, R. W. (2011). Impulsive processes in the self-regulation of health behavior: Theoretical and methodological considerations in response to commentaries. Health Psychology Review, 5, 162-171. pdf

Hofmann, W., Strack, F., Friese, M., & Müller, J. (2011). Replik zum Positionspapier "Zwei Seelen wohnen, ach, in meiner Brust - Psychologische und philosophische Erkenntnisse zum Konflikt zwischen Impuls und Selbstkontrolle [Reply to target article "Two souls are living in my chest - Psychological and philosophical insights on the conflict between impulse and self-control"]. Psychologische Rundschau, 62, 188-194. pdf

Hofmann, W., Friese, M., Strack, F., & Müller, J. (2011). Zwei Seelen wohnen, ach, in meiner Brust – Psychologische und philosophische Erkenntnisse zum Konflikt zwischen Impuls und Selbstkontrolle [Two souls are living in my chest – Psychological and philosophical insights on the conflict between impuls and self-control]. Psychologische Rundschau, 62, 147-166. pdf

Friese, M., Hofmann, W., & Wiers, R. W. (2011). On taming horses and strengthening riders: Recent developments in research on interventions to improve self-control in health behaviors. Self and Identity, 10, 336-351. pdf

Denson, T. F., Pederson, W. C., Friese, M., Hahm, A., & Roberts, L. (2011). Understanding impulsive aggression: Angry rumination and reduced self-control capacity are mechanisms underlying the provocation-aggression relationship. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 37, 850-862.pdf

Denson, T. F., Capper, M., Oaten, M., Friese, M., & Schofield, T. (2011). Self-control training decreases aggression in response to provocation in aggressive individuals. Journal of Research in Personality, 45, 252-256. pdf 

Florack, A., Friese, M., & Scarabis, M. (2010). Regulatory focus and reliance on implicit preferences in consumption contexts. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 20, 193-204. pdf 

Friese, M., & Fiedler, K. (2010). Being on the lookout for validity: Comment on Sriram and Greenwald (2009). Experimental Psychology, 57, 228-232. pdf

Friese, M., Bargas-Avila, J., Hofmann, W., & Wiers, R. W. (2010). Here’s looking at you, Bud: Alcohol-related memory structures predict eye movements for social drinkers with low executive control. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 1, 143-151. pdf

Friese, M., & Hofmann, W. (2009). Control me or I will control you: Impulses, trait self-control, and the guidance of behavior. Journal of Research in Personality, 43, 795-805. pdf

Friese, M., Fishman, S., Beatson, R., Sauerwein, K., & Rip, B. (2009). Whose fault is it anyway? Political orientation, attributions of responsibility, and support for the war in Iraq. Social Justice Research, 22, 280-297. pdf

Hofmann, W., Friese, M., & Roefs, A. (2009). Three ways to resist temptation: The independent contributions of executive attention, inhibitory control, and affect regulation on the impulse control of eating behavior. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 40, 73-78. pdf

Hofmann, W., Friese, M., & Gschwendner, T. (2009). Men on the 'pull': Automatic approach-avoidance tendencies and sexual interest behavior. Social Psychology, 40, 73-78. pdf

Hofmann, W., Friese, M., & Strack, F. (2009). Impulse and self-control from a dual-systems perspective. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 4, 162-176. pdf

Hofmann, W., Friese, M., & Wiers, R. W. (2008). Impulsive versus reflective influences on health behavior: A theoretical framework and empirical review. Health Psychology Review, 2, 111-137. pdf

Friese, M., & Hofmann, W., & Schmitt, M. (2008). When and why do implicit measures predict behavior? Empirical evidence for the moderating role of opportunity, motivation, and process reliance. European Review of Social Psychology, 19, 285-338. pdf

Hofmann, W., Gschwendner, T., Friese, M., Wiers, R., & Schmitt, M. (2008). Working memory capacity and self-regulatory behavior: Toward an individual differences perspective on behavior determination by automatic versus controlled processes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95, 962-977. pdf

Bluemke, M., & Friese, M. (2008). Reliability and validity of the Single-Target IAT (ST-IAT): Assessing automatic affect toward multiple political groups. European Journal of Social Psychology, 38, 977-997. pdf

Friese, M., & Hofmann, W. (2008). What would you have as a last supper? Thoughts about death influence evaluation and consumption of food products. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44, 1388-1394. pdf

Friese, M., Hofmann, W., & Wänke, M. (2008). When impulses take over: Moderated predictive validity of explicit and implicit attitude measures in predicting food choice and consumption behaviour. British Journal of Social Psychology, 47, 397-419. pdf

Hofmann, W., & Friese, M. (2008). Impulses got the better of me: Alcohol moderates the influence of implicit attitudes toward food cues on eating behavior. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 117, 420-427. pdf

Friese, M., Bluemke, M., & Wänke, M. (2007). Predicting voting behavior with implicit attitude measures: The 2002 German parliamentary election. Experimental Psychology, 54, 247-255.pdf

Friese, M., Wänke, M., & Plessner, H. (2006). Implicit consumer preferences and their influence on product choice. Psychology & Marketing, 23, 727-740.pdf

Bluemke, M.,* & Friese, M.* (2006). Do features of stimuli influence IAT effects? Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 42, 163-176. pdf

Fiedler, K., Bluemke, M., Friese, M., & Hofmann, W. (2003). On the different uses of linguistic abstractness – From LIB to LEB and beyond. European Journal of Social Psychology, 33, 441-453. pdf

* Equally contributing authors.




Rasch, B., Friese, M., Hofmann, W. & Naumann, E. (2014). Quantitative Methoden. Band 2 (4. Aufl.) [Quantitative Methods. Volume 2 (4th ed.)]. Heidelberg: Springer. 

Rasch, B., Friese, M., Hofmann, W. & Naumann, E. (2014). Quantitative Methoden. Band 1 (4. Aufl.) [Quantitative Methods. Volume 1 (4th ed.)]. Heidelberg: Springer.


Book Chapters

De Ridder, D., Gillebaart, M., & Friese, M. (in press). Self-control interventions. In M. S. Hagger, L. Cameron, K. Hamilton, N. Hanonen, & T. Lintunen (Eds.), The Handbook of Behavior Change.

Gieseler, K., Loschelder, D. D., & Friese (2019). What makes for a good theory? How to evaluate a theory using the Strength Model of Self-Control as an example. In K. Sassenberg & Michael Vliek (Eds.), Social psychology in action. Evidence-based interventions from theory to practice (pp. 3-21). Heidelberg: Springer.

Messner, C., & Friese, M. (2019). Gewalthaltige Medien und aggressives Verhalten [Violent media and aggressive behavior]. In S. Schneider & J. Margraf (Eds.), Lehrbuch der Verhaltenstherapie - Band 3: Kinder und Jugendliche (pp. 91-107). Heidelberg: Springer.

Friese, M., Ostafin, B. D., & Loschelder, D. D. (2018). Mindfulness as an intervention to improve self-control. In D. de Ridder, M. Adriaanse, & K. Fujita (Eds.), Handbook of self-control in health and well-being (pp. 431-445). Abingdon, UK: Routledge. 

Hofmann, W., & Friese, M. (2017). Passion versus reason: Impulsive and reflective determinants of self-control success and failure. In R. Deutsch, B. Gawronski, & Hofmann, W. (Eds.), Reflective and impulsive determinants of human behavior (pp. 119-135). New York, NY: Routledge Psychology Press.

Loschelder, D. D., & Friese, M. (2016). Moderators of the ego depletion effect. In E. R. Hirt, J. J. Clarkson, & L. Jia (Eds.), Self-regulation and ego control (pp. 21-42). San Diego, CA: Elsevier.

Friese, M., & Perkins. A. (2015). Implicit measures in consumer psychology. In T. Ortner &  F. J. R. van de Vijver (Eds.), Behavior-based assessment in psychology: Going beyond self-report in the personality, affective, motivation, and social domains (pp. 195-210). Göttingen: Hogrefe.  

Fiedler, K., Friese, M., & Wänke, M. (2011). Psycholinguistic methods in social psychology. In K. C. Klauer, C. Stahl, & A. Voss (Eds.), Cognitive methods in social psychology (pp. 206-235). New York, NY: Guilford Press. 

Hofmann, W., Friese, M., Schmeichel, B. J., & Baddeley, A. D. (2011). Working memory and self-regulation. In K. D. Vohs & R. F. Baumeister (Eds.), Handbook of self-regulation (2nd ed.) (pp. 204-225). New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Friese, M., & Wänke, M., & Hofmann, W. (2009). Unscrambling self-regulatory behavior determination: The interplay of impulse strength, reflective processes, and control resources. In J. P. Forgas, R. F. Baumeister, & D. M. Tice (Eds.), The psychology of self-regulation: Cognitive, affective, and motivational processes (pp. 53-71). New York, NY: Psychology Press.

Friese, M., Hofmann, W., & Wänke, M. (2009). The impulsive consumer: Predicting consumer behavior with implicit reaction time measures. In M. Wänke (Ed.), Frontiers in social psychology: Social psychology of consumer behavior (pp. 335-364). New York, NY: Psychology Press.

Wänke, M., & Friese, M. (2005). The role of experience in consumer decisions: The case of brand loyalty. In T. Betsch & S. Haberstroh (Eds.), The routines of decision making. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.


Other contributions

Friese, M., Loschelder, D., & Frankenbach, J. (2017). Was ist Selbstkontrolle und warum sollten sich Organisationen für Selbstkontrolle interessieren? Wirtschaftspsychologie aktuell, (4), 8-12.

Friese, M., & Hofmann, W. (2012). Konflikte zwischen Vernunft und Versuchung. Psychologische Forschung zur Selbstkontrolle und zu ihrem Scheitern [Conflicts between reason and temptation. Psychological research on self-control and its failures]. Konturen, (3), 8-14.

Hofmann, W., & Friese, M. (2011). Control yourself! Scientific American Mind, 8 (3), 42-47.

Friese, M., & Messner, C. (2010). Der Passepartout zum Lebenserfolg? Aktuelle Forschung zum psychologischen Konstrukt der Selbstkontrolle [The passepartout for success in life? Current research on the psychological construct of self-control]. Psychoscope, 31 (5), 8-11.

Hofmann, W., & Friese, M. (2010). Zwei Seelen, ach, in meiner Brust [Two souls are living in my chest]. Gehirn & Geist, (11), 26-31.