Wheatley, Phillis

About Phillis Wheatley

Biography and Bibliography (Phillis Wheatley Historical Society)

Biography (Poetry Foundation)

Biography (Biography)

Biography (National Women’s History Museum)

Biography (Encyclopædia Britannica)

Biography (Smithsonian National Portrait Gallery)

Biography (poets.org)

Biography (Virginia Commonwealth University)

Biography and Bibliography (Massachusetts Historical Society)

Winkler, Elizabeth. “How Phillis Wheatley Was Recovered Through History.” New Yorker, 30 Jul. 2020

Phillis Reimagined, Poetry Foundation, 12 May 2020

Poverty’s History, Episode 1: In the Beginning Was the Word, Poetry Foundation, 29 Apr. 2020

drea brown. “The Multiple Truths in the Works of the Enslaved Poet Phillis Wheatley.” Smithsonianmag, 24 Jun. 2020

A Change of World, Episode 1: The Wilderness, Poetry Foundation, 6 Mar. 2018

Harball, Elizabeth. “Poetic Presidents.” Poetry Foundation, 31 Oct. 2012

Jordan, June. “The Difficult Miracle of Black Poetry in America.” Poetry Foundation, 15 Aug. 2006



Haslanger, Andrea. “First Words, Last Words: Phillis Wheatley’s Elegies to Children.” English Language Notes, vol. 57, no. 2, Oct. 2019

Rydholm, Kristin. “A Voice of Her Own: The Story of Phillis Wheatley, Slave Poet.” Book Links, vol. 28, no. 4, Apr. 2019

Dugan, Olga. “Heav’nly Tidings from the Afric Muse: The Grace and Genius of Phillis Wheatley.” Journal of African American History, vol. 104, no. 2, 2019

Murphy, Cole. “Siren’s Song: Phillis Wheatley’s Subversive Elegy.” The Explicator, vol. 76, no. 1, Jan. 2018

Hodgson, Lucia. “Phillis Wheatley’s Miltonic Poetics.” Early American Literature, vol. 51, no. 2, May 2016

Loving, MaryCatherine. “Uncovering Subversion in Phillis Wheatley’s Signature Poem: ‘On Being Brought from AFRICA to AMERICA’.” Journal of African American Studies, vol. 20, no. 1, Mar. 2016

Beebe, Ann. “Phillis Wheatley’s ‘To the Rev. Dr. Thomas Amory on Reading His Sermons on Daily Devotion, in Which That Duty Is Recommended and Assisted’.” The Explicator, vol. 73, no. 3, Jul. 2015

Martin, Susan Lippert. “Diabolic Dye, Commodities, and Refinement in Phillis Wheatley’s On Being Brought from Africa to America.” The Explicator, vol. 73, no. 2, Apr. 2015

Richards, Phillip M. “Phillis Wheatley and Her Scholarly World at Present.” Early American Literature, vol. 48, no. 2, Jun. 2013

Wigginton, Caroline. “A Chain of Misattribution: Phillis Wheatley, Mary Whateley, and ‘An Elegy on Leaving’.” Early American Literature, vol. 47, no. 3, 2012

Walker, Marilyn. “The Defense of Phillis Wheatley.” Eighteenth Century: Theory & Interpretation, vol. 52, no. 2, 2011

Walters, Tracey L. African American Literature and the Classicist Tradition: Black Women Writers from Wheatley to Morrison, 2007

“Memoirs and Poems of Phillis Wheatley.” Ladies’ Magazine, vol. 3, no. 4, Apr. 1834



Jackson, Spencer. “A Black Tory Abolitionist in Early America: Phillis Wheatley’s Republican Poetics.” Postcolonial Studies, vol. 23, no. 3, Sep. 2020

Rezek, Joseph. “The Racialization of Print.” American Literary History, vol. 32, no. 3, 2020

Monescalchi, Michael. “Phillis Wheatley, Samuel Hopkins, and the Rise of Disinterested Benevolence.” Early American Literature, vol. 54, no. 2, May 2019

Bly, Antonio T. “‘On Death’s Domain Intent I Fix My Eyes’: Text, Context, and Subtext in the Elegies of Phillis Wheatley.” Early American Literature, vol. 53, no. 2, May 2018

Ford , James Edward III. “The Difficult Miracle: Reading Phillis Wheatley against the Master’s Discourse.” The New Centennial Review, vol. 18, no. 3, 2018

Waldstreicher, David. “Ancients, Moderns, and Africans: Phillis Wheatley and the Politics of Empire and Slavery in the American Revolution.” Journal of the Early Republic, vol. 37, no. 4, 2017

Wilburn, Reginald A. “Phillis Wheatley and the ‘Miracle’ of Miltonic Influence.” Milton Studies, vol. 58, 2017

Kete, Mary Louise. “Phillis Wheatley and the Political Work of Ekphrasis.” The Call of Classical Literature in the Romantic Age, van Anglen and Engell (eds.), 2017

Roberts, Wendy Raphael. “‘Slavery’ and ‘To Mrs. Eliot on the Death of Her Child’: Two New Manuscript Poems Connected to Phillis Wheatley by the Bostonian Poet Ruth Barrell Andrews.” Early American Literature, vol. 51, no. 3, 2016

Harris, Will. “Phillis Wheatley: A Muslim Connection.” African American Review, vol. 48, no. 1–2, 2015

Franke, Astrid. “Early African American Poetry: Phillis Wheatley’s ‘On Being Brought from Africa to America’ and George Moses Horton’s ‘On Hearing of the Intention of a Gentleman to Purchase the Poet’s Freedom.’” A History of American Poetry: Contexts-Developments-Readings, 2015

Hodgson, Lucia. “Infant Muse: Phillis Wheatley and the Revolutionary Rhetoric of Childhood.” Early American Literature, vol. 49, no. 3, 2014

Goff, Barbara. Crossroads in the Black Aegean: Oedipus, Antigone, and Dramas of the African Diaspora, 2007



Poetry Collections

The Writings of Phillis Wheatley (2020)

Memoir and Poems of Phillis Wheatley: a Native African and a Slave: Dedicated to the Friends of the Africans (1999)

Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral (1773)