Research Seminar Noncommutative and Functional Analysis

The research seminar Noncommutative and Functional Analysis is run by Roland Speicher, Michael Hartz and Moritz Weber. It consists in talks on latest research and graduation projects in Functional Analysis, Complex Analysis, Free Probability, Quantum Groups and Quantum Information. 

The seminar takes place on Mondays, from 16:15, in lecture hall IV, building E2 4, or online. Usually, the talks are 60 minutes for research talks and 45 minutes for expository talks of graduation theses („Bachelorseminarvortrag/Masterseminarvortrag“) excluding time for discussions.

List of all Talks

  • Date: 29.07.2024
    Speaker: Maximilian Leist, Universität des Saarlandes
    Time: 16:15
    Title: Krull Dimension of Rings of Analytic Functions
  • Date: 22.07.2024
    Speaker: Max Tornes
    Time: 16:15
    Title: Henkin measures on strictly pseudoconvex domains
  • Date: 15.07.2024
    Speaker: Laura Fritz
    Time: 16:15
    Title: Real eigenvalues of random matrices
    Abstract: In 1994 Edelman, Kostlan and Shub discovered a asymptotic series for the expected number of real eigenvalues of random matrices. The elements of these random matrices are independent random variables from a standard normal distribution.  In this talk, we will discuss how this statement can be proven.  For that purpose, we will take a look at the calculation of the density and the expected number of real eigenvalues of such random matrices.
  • Date: 11.07.2024
    Speaker: Constanze Liaw, University of Delaware
    Time: 16:15
    Place: SR 6
    Title: An Overview of Aleksandrov-Clark Theory and its Generalizations
    Abstract: We will begin by recalling the origination of Aleksandrov-Clark Theory: First note that Beurling’s Theorem says that any non-trivial shift-invariant subspace of the Hardy space H^2(\mathbb{D}) is of the form \theta H^2(\mathbb{D}) for an inner function \theta. Now, for a fixed inner \theta, we form the model space, that is, the orthogonal complement of the corresponding shift-invariant subspace in the Hardy space. Consider the compressed shift, which is the application of the shift to functions from the model space followed by the projection to the model space. Clark observed that all rank one perturbations of the compressed shift that are also unitary have a particular, simple form. Following this discovery, a rich theory was developed connecting the spectral properties of those unitary rank one perturbations with properties of functions from the model space, more precisely, with their non-tangential boundary values. Some intriguing perturbation results were obtained via complex function theory. Generalizations we will briefly allude to include the following. Model spaces can be defined but turn out considerably more complicated when \theta is not inner. Finite rank perturbations are mentioned. A generalization to several variables and to the non-commutative setting is of interest.
  • Date: 28.06.2024
    Speaker: Tirthankar Bhattacharyya, Indian Institute of Science
    Time: 14:15
    Place: SR 6
    Title: Herglotz and Caratheodory over the ages
    Abstract: Herglotz’s representation of holomorphic functions with positive real part and Caratheodory’s theorem on approximation by inner functions are two well-known classical results in the theory of holomorphic functions on the unit disc. In this talk, we shall first see that they are equivalent. On a multi-connected domain Ω, a version of Heglotz’s representation is known. Caratheodory’s approximation was not known. This will be formulated. We then show that it is equivalent to the known form of Herglotz’s representation. Additionally, it also enables us to prove a new Heglotz’s representation in the style of Koranyi and Pukanszky. Of particular interest is the fact that the scaling technique of the disc is replaced by Caratheodory’s approximation theorem while proving this new form of Herglotz’s representation. Caratheodory’s approximation theorem is also proved for matrix-valued functions on a multi-connected domain. The part of this talk which is new is joint work with Poornendu Kumar and Mainak Bhowmik.
  • Date: 24.06.2024
    • Speaker: Sheng Yin, Baylor University
      Time: 16:00
      Title: An explicit Lp-isomorphism for free group factors
      Abstract: It is shown by Haagerup, Rosenthal and Sukochev that for p>1, 1<n<=\infty, L^p(F_n) are isomorphic as operator spaces. However, their isomorphism comes as a consequence of a big machinery and an explicit isomorphism seems to be difficult to be extracted from their construction. In this talk, we will use a simple and finite decomposition of free groups as well as their Lp spaces to build an explicit isomorphism from Lp(F_\infty) to Lp(F_2). We will also discuss some relation between Lp decompositions for free groups and their isomorphism as von Neumann algebras. This talk is based on a joint work with Zhenchuan Liu and Tao Mei.
    • Speaker: Octavio Arizmendi (CIMAT)
      Time: 17:10
      Title: BMT independence and q-t Gaussian measures
      Abstract: In the first part of the talk I will survey on  the theory of BMT independence, defined with Josue Vazquez Becerra and Saul Mendoza.  This theory generalizes and unifies Boolean, monotone, anti monotone and Tensor independence, allowing the four of them to interact.

      In the second part of the talk I will explain recent results on random BMT independence, where we consider a random choice of pairwise interactions in BMT independence. This model relates in the large N-limit to q-t gaussian variables, allowing a generalization that we call p_1,p_2-q independence.

  • Date: 17.06.2024
    Speaker: Dietmar Bisch, Vanderbilt
    Time: 16:15
    Title: Graph planar algebra embeddings and new subfactors with small Jones indices
    Abstract: Since Vaughan Jones introduced the theory of subfactors in 1983, it has been an open problem to determine the set of Jones indices of irreducible, hyperfinite subfactors. Not much is known about this set. This is in stark contrast to the situation for free group factors, as it is known that all possible index values occur for irreducible subfactors of L(F_\infty).
    Julio Caceres and I have recently shown that certain interesting indices between 4 and 5 are realized by new hyperfinite subfactors with Temperley-Lieb-Jones standard invariant. This leads to a conjecture and some results regarding Jones' problem. Our construction involves families of new commuting squares, a graph planar algebra embedding theorem, and a few tricks that allow us to avoid solving large systems of linear equations to compute invariants of our subfactors. If there is time, I will briefly mention connections to quantum Fourier analysis and QIT.
  • Date: 27.05.2024
    Speaker: Miguel Angel Rodriguez Rodriguez, Leibniz Universität Hannover
    Time: 16:15
    Title: G-invariant Toeplitz algebras on the Fock space
  • Date: 06.05.2024
    Speaker: Michael Skeide, Universita degli Studi del Molise, Campobasso, Italien
    Time: 16:15
    Title: Paired E0-Semigroups
    Abstract: An E0-semigroup on a von Neumann algebra B in B(G) is a one-parameter semigroup of unital normal endomorphisms. (We do not include in this definition time-continuity.) We say an Eo-semigroup on B and an E0-semigroup on the commutant of B, B', are paired via an automorphism group on B(G) if the automorphism group (co)restricts for negative times to the E0-semigroup on B and for positive times to the E0-semigroup on B'.
    We illustrate how the question whether an E0-semigroup on B and an E0-semigroup on B' can be paired can be answered entirely in terms of their associated product systems of von Neumann correspondences: They have to be commutants of each other.
    In this talk we explain what this latter statement means, and illustrate how the proof goes. In the strongly continuous case, the proof requires the new result that an intertwiner system à la Arveson has enough strongly continuous sections. (This was known only for B(H) - and passed almost unnoticed (it is not stated explicitly, anywhere); the case of general B is not accessible to Arveson's methods.)
    The talk is based on this recent preprint.
  • Date: 15.04.2024
    Speaker: Cuma Kökmen
    Time: 16:15
    Title: Das Corona-Theorem
  • Due to sickness, this talk had to be cancelled. It will be postponed to Friday, 16.12.2023, 14:15.
    Date: 11.12.2023
    Speaker: Michael Skeide
    Time: 16:15
    Title: Partial Isometries Between Hilbert Modules
    Abstract: Hilbert modules are Banach spaces and share, of course, all their good properties. But geometrically they behave - as opposed with the very well-behaved Hilbert spaces - very much like pre-Hilbert spaces.
    As a common root of most problems - if not all - one may highlight the fact that Hilbert modules need not be self-dual; one of the most striking consequences of missing self-duality is the fact that not all bounded modules maps need to possess an adjoint. (Intimately related: not all closed submodules are the range of a projection.) This raises the question how to define isometries, cosisometries, and partial isometries between Hilbert modules, without requiring explicitly in the definition that these maps are adjointable.
    While the definition of isometries (as inner product preserving maps) is rather natural and well-known since long (they need not be adjointable), our definitions (proposed with Orr Shalit) of coisometries (they turn out to be adjointable) and partial isometries (they need not be adjointable) are rather recent.
    As a specific problem, we will address the question how to find a (reasonable) composition law among partial isometries (making them the morphisms of a category). It turns out that for Hilbert spaces the problem can be solved, while for Hilbert modules we have to pass to the *partially defined* isometries. The proofs of some of the intermediate statements explore typical features of proofs in Hilbert module theory: Some are like those for Hilbert spaces; some reduce the proof (by means of a well-known technical tool) to that for Hilbert spaces; and some are simply ``different''. (Of course, the latter also for work Hilbert spaces; but they are ``different'' from what you would write down with all you arsenal of Hilbert space methods at your disposal.)
  • Date: 04.12.2023
    • Speaker: Dan Hill
      Time: 16:00
      Title: A functional analytic framework for radial PDEs
      Abstract: Radial partial differential equations can serve as an interesting extension from standard analytic problems in one spatial dimension into their planar counterparts. In order to further develop analytic tools---such as centre-manifold reductions---for radial PDE systems, we first need to establish the basic theory of radial function spaces. In contrast to general nonautonomous PDEs, radial PDEs possess highly structured nonautonomous terms and explicit smoothness conditions at the origin, which we exploit in our definitions.
      In this talk I will introduce a new framework for radial function spaces, considering the natural nonautonomous radial differential operators associated with radial PDEs, and show that they preserve the usual results found in the one-dimensional problem.
    • Speaker: Alberto Dayan
      Time: 17:10
      Title: A random matrices application to the study of Carleson measures for the polydisc
      Abstract: A Carleson measure on the unit disc is a positive measure that embeds continuously the Hardy space inside the corresponding L^2 space on the unit disc. The celebrated work of Carleson characterizes such measures in terms of a geometric condition that has to be tested only on squares based on the unit circle. Such notions have a natural extension to the polydisc, but in this case the geometric characterization becomes much more complicated to work with. In this talk, we will consider atomic measures on the polydisc generated by sequences, since determining if such measures are Carleson plays an important role in the theory of interpolating sequences. In particular, we will consider a random sequence in the polydisc, and we will discuss the 0-1 law for it to generate a Carleson measure almost surely. While in the one dimensional case such 0-1 law can be found by using Carleson's geometric condition, such tool is unavailable in the multi-variable setting. We will then discuss a well known reformulation of the problem in terms of random Gram matrices, and then describe those sequences that generates almost surely a Carleson measure for the polydisc by using tools from the theory of random matrices.
  • Date: 27.11.2023
    Speaker: Petar Nizic-Nikolac (ETH Zürich)
    Time: 16:15
    Title: Non-asymptotic Link from Free Probability to Random Matrix Theory: Products of Gaussian Random Matrices
    Abstract: One central question in Random Matrix Theory is to determine how the basic parameters of the model (dimension, structure, matrix variance...) impact more complicated properties (spectral norm, minimal eigenvalue, invertibility...). Answers to these questions often provide useful tools when analyzing stochastic algorithms. These tools can be assessed through three different categories: generality (of models/assumptions), sharpness, and asymptoticity. Specifically, to bound the spectral norm of a Gaussian random matrix, many tools are known, each exhibiting a different trade-off in these categories. Usually, these results are either non-asymptotic but with an additional logarithmic dependence on dimension or exact but asymptotical.
    A recent work by Bandeira, Boedihardjo, and van Handel presented both exact and non-asymptotic bounds for a general class of Gaussian random matrices. This was achieved by importing techniques from Free Probability that exactly capture non-commutativity on an intrinsic level. The talk will focus on using this non-asymptotic link to import other such techniques while increasing model generality, particularly for a product of Gaussian random matrices. This is joint work with Bandeira, van Handel, and Zeng.
  • Date: 17.11.2023
    Speaker: Fabian Selzer
    Time: 14:15
    Title: Das invariante Teilraumproblem
  • Date: 13.11.2023
    Speaker: Qi Wang
    Time: 16:15
    Title: Die Cuntz-Algebra
  • Date: 30.10.2023
    Speaker: Arne Berrens
    Time: 16:15
    Title: Non-commutative Function Theory and its commutative Applications
    Abstract: In this talk, we use non-commutative function theory to better understand certain spaces of commutative holomorphic functions. The main object considered here is the Fock space. We can think of the Fock space as the non-commutative version of the Hardy space. Further, every complete Pick space can be embedded into a Fock space. With the help of this embedding, we can prove many results for all complete Pick spaces via the Fock space. Davidson and Pitts proved an inner-outer factorization similar to that in the Hardy space. Building on this result, Jury and Martin obtained a better description of weak products of complete Pick spaces. The weak product is a generalization to the Hardy space H^1.

    Jury and Martin proved further a Blaschke-singular-outer factorization in the Fock space. This factorization is similar to the Blaschke-singular-outer factorization in the Hardy space. Aleman, Hartz, McCarthy and Richter showed that one can use the non-commutative inner-outer factorization to get the subinner-free outer factorization in the complete pick spaces. Following this approach and using the Blaschke-singular-outer factorization, we can further factor the subinner factor into a sub-Blaschke and sub-singular part.

  • Date: 29.09.2023
    Speaker: Nina Kiefer
    Time: 14:15
    Title: Connection between the Compatibility of POVMs and Inclusion of Free Spectrahedra
    Abstract: In my talk, I will discuss the connection between compatible POVMs and the inclusion of free spectrahedra which was discovered by Andreas Bluhm and Ion Nechita. The emphasis is on an example illustrating this connection which is worked out both numerically and analytically.
    Free spectrahedra are matrix convex (free) sets determined by linear matrix inequalities; in particular, they generalize free spectrahedra, which are fundamental objects in various areas of mathematics such as convex optimization and real algebraic geometry. Compatible POVMs are settled in the field of quantum information theory and are important for some quantum information tasks. POVMs which are not compatible can be made compatible by adding noise.
    We will see that the noise level which is needed to make POVMs compatible can be expressed by deformations of free spectrahedra. In my presentation, I will also provide the background on POVMs and free spectrahedra which is needed for this purpose.
  • Date: 24.07.2023
    Speaker: Abhay Jindal, Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru, India
    Time: 16:15
    Title: Complete Nevanlinna-Pick kernels and the characteristic function
  • Date: Tuesday, 18 July 2023
    Time: 16:15-17:15
    Place: SR 10
    Speaker: Marwa Banna, New York University Abu Dhabi.
    Title: Quantitative estimates on random matrices using free probability tools
  • Date: 17.07.2023
    Speaker: Shuaibing Luo, Hunan University
    Time: 16:15
    Title: Some operator inequalities and a question of Shimorin’s
    Abstract: I will define some types of operators by operator inequalities, and present some of their properties. Then I will introduce a question of Shimorin’s which concerns these types of operators. I will present some partial results or idea to this question. This is a joint work with Eskil Rydhe.
  • Date: 11.07.2023
    Speaker: Christopher Felder, Indiana University
    Room: SR 10
    Time: 16:15
    Title: Units for Forward Operator Monoids
    Abstract: This talk will introduce a forward operator monoid a discrete collection of bounded linear operators acting on a separable Hilbert space, which contains the identity, and has a strict monoid structure.
    We will then discuss generalized inner and cyclic vectors for these monoids, with a focus on vectors which are both inner a cyclic, which we will call units. Time permitting, we will connect this to some interesting open problems in analysis, including some completeness and approximation problems in Hilbert function spaces.
  • Date: 10.07.2023
    Speaker: Georgios Tsikalas, Washington University in St. Louis
    Time: 16:15
    Title: Denjoy-Wolff points on the bidisk
  • Date: Monday, 3 July 2023
    Speaker: Pei-Lun Tseng, New York University Abu Dhabi.
    Time: 16:00-17:00. (Note that we start at 16 Uhr s.t.)
    Place: HS IV
    Title: Infinitesimal operators and the Infinitesimal distributions of anticommutators and commutators
    Abstract: The idea of free independence (or freeness) was introduced by Voiculescu in 1985. It is very useful in the study of the asymptotic behavior of random matrices. Over time, numerous extensions and generalizations of free probability have emerged. One such generalization is infinitesimal freeness. In this presentation, we will begin by providing an overview of infinitesimal free probability theory and its connection to random matrix theory. Subsequently, we will delve into the topic of infinitesimal operators and explore their properties. Additionally, we will demonstrate techniques for computing infinitesimal distributions of anticommutators and commutators. Lastly, we will examine the concept of infinitesimal R-diagonal operators. This is joint work with J. Mingo. 
  • Date: 15.05.2023
    Speaker: Nina Kiefer
    Time: 16:15
    Title: Connection between the compatibility of POVMs and inclusion of free spectrahedra
    Abstract: In my talk, I will discuss the connection between compatible POVMs and the inclusion of free spectrahedra which was discovered by Andreas Bluhm and Ion Nechita.
    Free spectrahedra are matrix convex (free) sets determined by linear matrix inequalities; in particular, they generalize so-called "spectrahedra", which are fundamental objects in various areas of mathematics such as convex optimization and real algebraic geometry. Compatible POVMs are settled in the field of quantum information theory and are important for some quantum information tasks, for example simultaneous measurements.
    We will see that compatibility of POVMs is equivalent to the inclusion of certain free spectrahedra (one of them being the so-called "matrix jewel") and that a set of POVMs can be made compatible by "adding noise", the needed amount of which can be expressed by deformations of free spectrahedra. In my presentation, I will also provide the background on POVMs and free spectrahedra which is needed for this purpose.
  • Date: 08.05.2023
    Speaker: Stefan Richter (UT Knoxville)
    Time: 16:15
    Title: Multivariable versions Kaluza's Lemma
  • Date: 24.04.2023
    Speaker: Evangelos Nikitopoulos
    Time: 16:15
    Title: Noncommutative C^k Functions, Multiple Operator Integrals, and Derivatives of Operator Functions
  • Date: 06.02.2023
    Speaker: Alan Sola, Stockholm University
    Time: 16:15
    Title: Local theory of stable polynomials and bounded rational functions
    Abstract: We will discuss the boundary behavior of bounded rational functions in several variables from several perspectives, including existence of non-tangential limits and higher non-tangential regularity. The results we obtain in two variables rely on local descriptions of stable polynomials, and motivate a conjecture (since resolved by J. Kollar) regarding the characterization of bounded rational functions in the bidisk with a given stable denominator.
    This reports on joint work with K. Bickel, G. Knese, and J.E. Pascoe.
  • Date: Tuesday, 31. Januar 2023
    Time: 17:15-18:15
    Place: HS IV
    Speaker: Jacob Campbell (Waterloo, Canada) 
    Title: Commutators in finite free probability
    Abstract: In free probability, a fundamental result of Voiculescu is that random unitary matrices are asymptotically free. A representative special case is the fact that sums A + U B U* and products A U B U* of large randomly rotated matrices approximate free additive and multiplicative convolution. In 2015, Marcus, Spielman, and Srivastava realized that in the non-asymptotic setting, one can recover ``finite" analogues of these free convolutions by looking at the expected characteristic polynomials of A + U B U* or A U B U*.   After reviewing these ideas, I will show how techniques from combinatorial representation theory can help to understand finite free convolutions, focusing on the problem (which I recently solved in arXiv:2209.00523) of describing the commutator of randomly rotated matrices in this context. The main techniques are Weingarten calculus and the Goulden-Jackson immanant formula. Time permitting, I will discuss some combinatorial questions which are raised by comparison with the commutator in free probability.
  • Date: Thursday, 26 Januar 2023
    Time: 16:15-17:15
    Place: SR 9
    Speaker: Jinzhao Wang (Stanford)
    Title: Free probability in quantum gravity
    Abstract: I will survey two models in quantum gravity that showcase the effectiveness of free probability. They are the Penington-Shenker-Stanford-Yang (PSSY) model and the Double Scaled SYK model. Unlike other physical applications that mostly relate to free probability via random matrices. Here the links are drawn combinatorially and algebraically. This connection allows us to formulate and address questions that are otherwise difficult. In particular, I will emphasize on what do we gain by using the free probabilistic toolkit. 
  • Date: 16.01.2023
    Speaker: Freek Witteveen
    Time: 16:15
    Title: Random tensor network states and free probability theory
    Abstract: Random quantum states are an important tool in quantum information theory. In this talk I will discuss random tensor network states, which have found application both in quantum information theory and as a toy model for holographic quantum gravity. We introduce a refined model with arbitrary link states. I will explain how the entanglement properties of such tensor network states depend on the graph structure and on the link states, focusing on a connection to free probability theory. This talk is based on arXiv:2206.10482 which is joint work with Newton Cheng, Cecilia Lancien, Geoff Penington and Michael Walter.
  • Date: 07.11.2022
    Speaker: Maximilian Tornes, Universität des Saarlandes
    Time: 17:15
    Title: Weighted composition operators on unitarily invariant spaces on B_d
  • Date: 11.07.2022
    Speaker: Marwa Banna (NYU Abu Dhabi)
    Time: 16:15
    Title: Berry-Esseen Bounds for Operator-valued Free Limit Theorems
    The development of free probability theory has drawn much inspiration from its deep and far reaching analogy with classical probability theory. The same holds for its operator-valued extension, where the fundamental notion of free independence is generalized to free independence with amalgamation as a kind of conditional version of the former. Its development naturally led to operator-valued free analogues of key and fundamental limiting theorems such as the operator-valued free Central Limit Theorem due to Voiculescu and the asymptotic distributions of matrices with operator-valued entries.
    In this talk, we show Berry-Esseen bounds for such limit theorems. The estimates are on the level of operator-valued Cauchy transforms and the L\'evy distance. We also address the multivariate setting for which we consider linear matrix pencils and noncommutative polynomials as test functions. The estimates are in terms of operator-valued moments and yield the first quantitative bounds on the Lévy distance for the operator-valued free CLT. This also yields quantitative estimates on joint noncommutative distributions of operator-valued matrices having a general covariance profile.
    This is a joint work with Tobias Mai.
  • Date: 16. May 2022
    • Speaker: Nikolaos Chalmoukis
      Time: 16:15
      Title: Semigroups of composition operators on spaces of analytic functions.
      Abstract: We will discuss the maximal subspace of strong continuity of a semigroup of composition operators acting on the space of analytic functions of bounded mean oscillation in the unit disc. The minimality of this space is related to a well known theorem of Sarason about the space of analytic functions of vanishing mean oscillation. In the case of elliptic semigroups we give a complete characterization in terms of the Koenigs function of the semigroups that can replace rotations in Sarason's Theorem. This answers to the affirmative a conjecture of Blasco et al. Similar results are also obtained for the Bloch space.
      This is a joint work with V. Daskalogiannis.
    • Speaker: Lisa Karst
      Time: 17:15
      Title: The Fejér-Riesz theorem and Schur complements
  • Date: 9. May 2022
    Speaker: Sebastian Toth
    Time: 16:15
    Titel: Uniqueness of the multiplier functional calculus for pure K-contractions
  • Date: 2. May 2022
    Speaker: Rachid Zarouf, Aix-Marseille Université
    Time: 16:15
    Title:  A constructive approach to Schäffer's conjecture
  • Date: 25. April 2022
    Speaker: Alberto Dayan, Norwegian University of Science and Technology
    Time: 16:15
    Title: Dobinski Sets,  Function Theory and Sets of Null Capacity
    Abstract: The first half of the talk will focus on the construction of some Dobinski sets, which can be thought of as exceptional subsets of the unit interval made of points that are very well approximated via dyadic rationals. We will determine their logarithmic Hausdorff dimension and their logarithmic capacity. The second half of the talk will try to give a brief overview of how such exceptional sets can be used in function theory. In particular, we will see how sets of capacity zero are related to some open problems for the Dirichlet space on the unit disc, and time permitting we discuss some ongoing research in that direction.
  • Date: 31. January 2022
    Speaker: Daniel Gromada
    Time: 16:15
    Title: New examples of quantum graphs
    Place: Zoom
    Abstract: Quantum graphs are the analogues of classical graphs in the world of non-commutative geometry. Their definition is very new and very little is known about them so far. Not only that: the current literature is also lacking some concrete non-trivial examples of quantum graphs to begin with. In this talk, we are going to summarize three different approaches for the definition of a quantum graph. Then we will present some ways how to construct concrete examples. We show how quantum graphs over a fixed quantum space can be classified, we show an example of a quantum graph which is not quantum isomorphic to any classical graph, and we show a certain twisting procedure for classical Cayley graphs of abelian groups. This talk is based on a recent preprint arXiv:2109.13618.
  • Date: 24. January 2022
    Speaker: Nicolas Faroß
    Time: 16:15
    Title: Spatial Pair Partitions and Applications to Finite Quantum Spaces
    Place: MS Teams
    Abstract: In 2016, Cébron-Weber introduced spatial partition quantum groups as a generalization of easy quantum groups. These are compact matrix quantum groups whose intertwiners are indexed by categories of three-dimensional partitions.
    We study the quantum group associated to the category spatial pair partitions on two levels and show that it is isomorphic to the projective orthogonal groups. Further, we generalize combinatorial methods for partitions to the setting of spatial partition. This allows us to find an explicit description of a category of spatial partitions linked to quantum symmetries of finite quantum spaces.
  • Date: 17. January 2022
    • Alexander Wendel
      Time: 16:15
      Title: Quantum Channels and Entangled States associated to Easy Quantum Groups
      Place: MS Teams
      Abstract: In 2017 Brannan and Collins constructed highly-entangled spaces and states from the representation theory of the orthogonal quantum groups. A key role in their construction is played by the famous Jones-Wenzl projections. These projections are usually defined via a certain commutation property and are projections onto irreducible representations of the orthogonal quantum group.
      Shortly before (2014/2016) Freslon and Weber gave a combinatorial characterisation of the irreducible representations and fusion rules of easy quantum groups.
      We are going to combine these two papers to investigate howfar one can carry over the results of Brannan and Collins to other easy quantum groups. Especially we are going to show that the projections onto irreducibles satisfy a similar characterisation as the Jones-Wenzl projections and are going to characterise by this the image of these projections. We are then going to transfer some results on entangled spaces to the symmetric quantum group and indicate how to carry out these constructions for other easy quantum groups.
    • Arne Berrens
      Time: 17:00
      Title: Von Neumann algebras and zero sets of Bergman spaces
      Place: MS Teams
      Abstract: The leading question in this talk will be under which condition there exists a Bergman space function vanishing on a given set. The Bergman space is the space of holomorphic functions on the unit disc that are square integrable. Using von Neumann algebras, we get new insights into the structure of the weighted Bergman spaces. Vaughan Jones used Fuchsian groups that act on the Bergman space as well as on the upper half plane. By studying the group von Neumann algebra they generate, he got a necessary and sufficient condition for the existence of a vanishing function on the orbit. To get to this result, one has to use mainly the theory of von Neumann dimension as well as the theory of reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces.
      This approach is not constructive, and we only get the existence of this function and no further information on what this function might look like. We will also look further into the connection of von Neumann algebras and Bergman spaces.
  • Date: 10. January 2022
    Speaker: Steven Klein
    Time: 16:15
    Title: Shlyakhtenko's non-microstates approach to strongly 1-boundedness
    Place: MS Teams
    Abstract: Building on Voiculescu's microstates approach to the analogue of entropy in free probability theory, Jung introduced in 2007 some property of von Neumann algebras called "strongly 1-boundedness" which has found many interesting applications. Recently, in 2020, Shlyakhtenko developed an approach to strongly 1-boundedness using non-microstates techniques. In particular, he proved estimates for the non-microstates free entropy of operators satisfying algebraic relations and used this to give an alternative proof of a criterion for strongly 1-boundedness obtained originally by Jung.
    In my talk, I will give a brief introduction to Voiculescu's concepts of free entropy and will discuss their relations to strongly 1-boundedness with focus on Shlyakhtenko's non-microstates approach.
  • Date: 15. December 2021
    Speaker: Simon Schmidt, QMATH, Copenhagen
    Time: 11:00
    Title: A graph with quantum symmetry and finite quantum automorphism group
    Place: Zoom
    Abstract: This talk concerns quantum automorphism groups of graphs, a generalization of automorphism groups of graphs in the framework of compact matrix quantum groups. We will focus on certain colored graphs constructed from linear constraint systems. In particular, we will give an explicit connection of the solution group of the linear constraint system and the quantum automorphism group of the corresponding colored graph. Using this connection and a decoloring procedure, we will present an example of a graph with quantum symmetry and finite quantum automorphism group. This talk is based on joint work with David Roberson.
  • Date: 13. December 2021
    • Matias Klimpel
      Time: 16:15
      Title: Representations of Graph C*-algebras
      Place: MS Teams
      Abstract: Graph C*-algebras were introduced in 1998 as a generalization of Cuntz-Krieger algebras introduced by Cuntz and Krieger in 1980, which in turn arose as a more generalized version of the Cuntz Algebra O_n introduced by Cuntz in 1977. As we will see, the class of graph C*-algebras is quite large and as such a useful one to understand.
      In this talk we will present these objects and their relations as well as visualize them on a host of examples. In particular, we classify all graph C*-algebras associated to finite graphs without cycles, give an algorithm to construct a non-trivial representation for a graph C*-algebra associated to a row-finite graph and present two import uniqueness theorems for graph C*-algebras, namely the gauge-invariant uniquess theorem and the Cuntz-Krieger uniqueness theorem.
    • Dean Zenner
      Time: 17:00
      Title: Hypergraph C*-algebras
      Place: MS Teams
      Abstract: In this talk I will introduce the concept of hypergraph C*-algebras. The concept is based on a new definition that was conveyed to me by Simon Schmidt and Moritz Weber.
      Our main goal is to show that hypergraph C*-algebras define a generalization of graph C*-algebras.  In contrary to graph C*-algebras, we will see that hypergraph C*-algebras do not need to be nuclear.  They actually form a stricly larger class than the class of graph C*-algebras. Besides that, we will have a look at some interesting examples that I investigated.
      At the end of the talk I will speak about a way to 'hyperize' graph C*-algebras.
  • Date: 29 November 2021
    Time: 16:15
    Speaker: Marc Hermes
    Title: Peano Arithmetic in Constructive Type Theory and Tennenbaum's Theorem
    Place: MS Teams
    Abstract: Gödel's first incompleteness theorem entails that the first-order theory of Peano arithmetic (PA) and its consistent extensions admit a wealth of independent statements. By the completeness theorem then, PA cannot be categorical, meaning it does not posses a unique model up to isomorphism.  
    A theorem by Stanley Tennenbaum however tells us that if we restrict our attention to computable models, first-order PA is categorical with regards to this class of models.
     The goal of this talk is to present the first-order theory of PA inside of a constructive type theory and to revisit and study Tennenbaum's theorem in this constructive setting.
    We will start out the talk with an introduction to the maybe unfamiliar world of constructive mathematics and how this setting influences the possibilities we have in the investigation of mathematical questions in general. We then come back to the particular case of Tennenbaum’s theorem, where the setting allows for a synthetic viewpoint of computability, by consistently assuming that every function on the natural numbers is computable (i.e. Church's thesis), making it possible to abstract from many details in computability arguments. We will then finish with a few words on the computer-verified proof of the theorem.


Postal address

Saarland University
Department of Mathematics
Postfach 15 11 50
66041 Saarbrücken

Physical address

Saarland University
Campus building E 2 4
66123 Saarbrücken